Estado de Sonora 25c and 50c notes

The Estado de Sonora notes were printed in four different series. Each note was made from five different impressions, three on the front and two on the back, except for the 25c and 50c which had an extra countermark that required an additional plate. Certain differences can be discerned within various plates, though the matter is complicated by the subsequent forgeries.

First series 25c and 50c notes had an inner frame of 118 or 116mm x 50mm size, whilst the later series had frames of 123mm x 55mm, with the type more spaced and a different pattern in the background, presumably to make space for the extra lettering of the series.

The following section, detailing the variety of 25c and 50c notes, is based on unpublished research by Robert Perigoe, but much more work needs to be done before we have a detailed analysis of the different print set-ups.

Hand Seals

Perigoe has identified five different varieties of genuine Hand Seals.

Type 1   ‘LIBERTAD’ on Liberty Cap resembles ‘####TAD’
Below hand, left stalk has two rectangular shading marks of roughly equal size
Below hand, right stalk has almost no shading
Rightmost ear of corn in middle group is thick and colourless on underside
Type 2   ‘LIBERTAD’ on Liberty Cap resembles ‘LIDENTAL’
Slight dent in outer edge at 11 o'clock
Slight notch in outer edge between 5 and 6 o'clock
Ear of corn to left of hand is thick, straight and colourless on upper side
Type 3   ‘LIBERTAD’ on Liberty Cap resembles ‘LIGEGTA’
Prominent notch in outer edge between 12 and 1 o'clock
Ear of corn to left of hand is thick and solid
Type 4   ‘LIBERTAD’ on Liberty Cap resembles ‘1196D##’
Two thicker diagonal lines from bottom of upper corn ears to left of Liberty Cap
Two more from bottom of major ray left of hand to middle of next ray
Type 5   LIBERTAD’ on Liberty Cap resembles ‘UGTATH’
Ear of corn is colourless on upper side not lower side

 

Numbering Devices

The different numbering devices are detailed in the following section Printing varieties on the $1, $5 and $10 notes.

Eagle Seals

The different Eagle Seals are detailed in the following section Printing varieties on the $1, $5 and $10 notes.

25c Estado de Sonora notes

There were four series, each of 40,000 notes, numbered from 1 to 40000.

Series'No' typeHand seal
Type
Eagle seal
Type
1 (no number) [ ] Fancy   Large - normal 'C'
Thick Block 1 Small - with spot
Thin Fancy 5(?) Small - without spot
2 [ ] Block 4 Small - with spot
[ ] Fancy   Small - without spot
3 Thin Block 4 Small - with spot
[ ] Fancy 1 Small - without spot
[ ] Block   Small - without spot
4 Broken Block 1 Large - normal 'C'
[ ] Block 3 Large - broken 'C'
[ ] Fancy   Large - broken 'C'
[ ] Block 2 Small - with spot
[ ] Block 3 Small - without spot

50c Estado de Sonora notes

Again there were four series, each of 40,000 notes, numbered from 1 to 40000.

Series'No' typeHand seal
Type
Eagle seal
Type
1 Thick Block   Large - normal 'C'
2 [ ] Block   Large - normal 'C'
[ ] Block 4 Small - without spot
Thick Block 4 Small - with spot
[ ] Fancy   Small - with spot
3 [ ] Fancy 2 Large - broken 'C'
Thick Block 4 Small - with spot
4 Broken Fancy 1 Large - normal 'C'
[ ] Fancy 4 Large - normal 'C'
[ ] Fancy 4 Large - broken 'C'
Thick Block 2 Small - with spot
Thin Block 3 Small - without spot