Vales of the Jefatura Política

There might be confusion in the following section as vales can refer to chits or receipts as well as to notes or cartones with a discreet value,

Early issue

On 3 May 1914 the Jefe Político in La Paz wrote to the Presidente Municipal of Todos Santos and the Subprefecto Político of El Triunfo about an issue of vales made in the capitalABCS, Hacienda, vol. 624bis, exp. 34. However, on 8 May he told them that the order he had given that they be accepted as currency was now without effectABCS, Hacienda, vol. 624bis, exp. 34.

Vales of the Jefatura Política

The government issued a series of cartones, supposedly redeemable in either Constitutionalist notes or banknotes, as the Treasury should decide. We know of the four values (5c, 10c, 20c and 50c) with a common design, like this:

and also of a 50c cartón, with a slightly modified design.

es are known either in pink, or in grey/ blue-grey,

so there might have been similarly modified designs for the other three denominations, and other colours.

On 11 February 1915 the Presidente Municipal of San José del Cabo, probably prompted by receiving Ortega’s decree nullifying the Cornejo notes, wrote to La Paz asking what to do with the 10c, 20c and 50c (sic) notes that were split, worn and illegible as people were refusing them. He was told to deposit them in the Aduana Marítima to be exchanged, when circumstances permitted, but only if they had the Jefatura’s seal and no other signatureABCS, Gobernación, vol. 642, exp. 150. The next day the Presidente Municipal Interino of Todos Santos, Valente Salgado, also asked about notes that, for the most part, lacked a seal and were in a poor stateABCS, Gobernación, vol. 642, exp. 150. He was told to send vales without a seal to the Jefatura Política, to await instructions, giving a receipt to the holdersABCS, Gobernación, vol. 642, exp. 150.

At some time a circular had fixed that these vales should be accepted in payment for at least 20% of any amount due. However, on 23 March Ortega, after meeting with local businesses, published his decree núm. 6, stating that the vales (and others issued to replace any deteriorated notes) would be of forced circulation throughout the District.

On 4 April San José del Cabo reported that merchants held the following amounts in these valesABCS, Gobernación, vol. 648, exp. 106:

Roberto Fiol 5c to 50c  $300.00
Yee Sang 5c to 50c 200.00
John Cozzulo 5c to 50c 24.00
Arturo Conseco 5c to 50c 260.00
Santiago Ceseña 5c to 50c 100.00
Eduardo Monet 5c to 50c 80.00
Manuel Galindo 5c to 50c 40.00

On 4 April 1915 a meeting was held between Félix Ortega, Luis J. García, Juez de Primera Instancia del Partido Sur, Francisco González Rubio and Carlos Pérez Cortés, Administrador and Contador of the Aduana Marítima, and Juan M. Nuño, Secretario de Gobierno, to check the accounts for the bonos issued in exchange for the vales that had been issued during the administrations of Miguel L. Cornejo, Ignacio L. Cornejo and Eduardo S. Carrillo, and agreed that the number of bonos issued had been:

  Number from to Value
$5 400     $2,000
$10 300     3,000
$20 250     5,000


These had been signed by Ortega, González Rubio and Nuño and stamped with the Jefatura Política’s seal on the reverseABCS, Gobernación, vol. 648, exp. 106.

On 12 April a meeting of businessmen told Ortega that the vales were still held by workers and employees but their certain suppression would improve the economic climate. Ortega agreed to publish the disposition he had agreed with the businessmen. Manuel Avilés proposed that each business offer some goods to relieve the problems caused by the sudden suppressionABCS, Gobernación, vol. 648, exp. 106.The same day Ortega issued his decree núm. 10 withdrawing the valesABCS, Gobernación, vol. 642, exp. 150 and Gobernación, vol. 648, exp. 106.

On 28 April 1915 Enrique R Cota, the Presidente Municipal of Todos Santos reported that no vales remained in the public’s hands as they had all been collected by businesses, to exchange for bonos, and the businesses had been authorised to issue vales, for purely local use, with the stamps of the business and of the ayuntamientoABCS, Gobernación, vol. 642, exp. 150.