Translate / Traducir

Municipal issues from Zamora

In 1915 General Francisco Villa informally appointed General Jesús Síntora as Military Commander in Michoacán. Síntora gained support within Zamora and in July 1915 ordered the town hall to fly the Conventionalist Army flag. Teniente Colonel Luis G. Cárdenas became municipal president and Síntora himself took charge of the military forces during the following two months, as he tried to enlarge the Conventionalist Army’s territory against the Constitutionalist troops of General Carranza.

The need for currency made the Conventionists order the production of provisional municipal paper money in accordance with a military decree of 8 August 1915[text needed].

These are known in denominations ranging from 5 to 50 centavos, although it is more than probable that higher denominations were issued, specifically the one peso value commonly made by revolutionary armies in different cities in Mexico and of course in Michoacán. The 20c and 50c values carry the names of Cárdenas, Síntora and J. Prado as Tesorero (Treasurer).

Luis G. Cárdenas

In August 1915 Cárdenas was a Teniente Colonel and the Presidente Municipal of Zamora AMZam, Fondo Prefectura, Sección Justicia, Año de 1915, caja 70, exp. 42.


Jesús Síntora was born in Carrizal de Arteaga. Michoacán. He joined the local Maderistas in 1911 and in 1912 rebelled against governor Miguel Silva. As a Huertista coronel in 1913-1914 he operated in the districts of Arteaga, Apatzingán, Uruapan and Zamora. When the Federal forces were defeated in July 1914 he joined the forces of Gertrudis Sánchez under the direct command of Joaquín Amaro and served as a Villista general, from July to September 1915 being jefe de operaciones in Michoacán with his headquarters in Zamora.

After the Convention was defeated, from 1916 to 1918 he was the Felicista jefe of the Cuerpo de Ejército del Norte of the Ejército Reorganizador with his headquarters in la Huacana and Arteaga in charge of three brigades – Síntora, Altamirano and García Chávez.

He died in Tepenahua in 1919, defeated by the forces of J. Concepción Pérez.

J. Prado  


  series from to total
5c A         includes number 5762
B         includes numbers 920CNBanxico #11542 to  1397CNBanxico #5262
10c A         includes numbers 1410CNBanxico #11543 to 8986CNBanxico #5264
B         includes number 5147CNBanxico #5263
20c A         includes numbers 989CNBanxico #5266 to 6465CNBanxico #5272 
B         includes numbers 1281CNBanxico #5268 to  7443CNBanxico #5267 
D         includes number 4716CNBanxico #5277
I         includes number 2266CNBanxico #5276
25c           includes number 2635
50c A         includes number 4267CNBanxico #7179
D         includes numbers 1842CNBanxico #5280 to 8615
H         includes numbers 1861CNBanxico #11547 to 8185CNBanxico #5278


On 10 September Síntora received a reinforcement of 400 men from Villa’s Division of the North but on 23 September Constitutionalist troops took over Zamora and Síntora had to withdraw his troops towards the south. So these notes will have been short-lived.

(based on "Report of Hacienda Los Espinos Paper Money" by Ricardo Vargas Verduzco, USMexNA journal December 2015)