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Santana Pérez in 1893

The epic revolt and suppression of the people of Tomóchi in 1891 inspired other uprisings. On 30 March 1893 Celso Anaya and Simón Amaya rose in Santo Tomás and called for the overthrow of Porfirio Díaz. Their movement was crushed by government troops but some of the survivors were able to find refuge in the United States. From there they mobilised new groups of sympathisers and a few months later they crossed back into Mexico again and occupied the border town of Palomas.

In November 1893 The New York Times reported that Santana Pérez, as ‘General in Chief of the North’, and his deputies Micario Pacheco and Valente García were recruiting men along the border to fight against the government. It also reported that the revolutionists had organized a provincial (sic) form of government and would soon issue scrip with which to carry on their campaign against MexicoThe New York Times, 20 November 1893. However, though Pérez’ small band of serranos easily harassed the forces sent against him, his uprising did not survive long in either duration or geographical extent so it is unlikely that such notes ever materialisedPérez received an amnesty from governor Ahumada in 1894. A brave and renowned Apache-fighter since his youth and an expert in guerilla welfare, Pérez fought both for and against the government throughout his career. In 1910 he declined an invitation to join the Madero movement because of his advanced age and died in December of the same year..