Translate / Traducir

Private issues (Ahualulco - Etzatlán)


Ricardo Uribe

Uribe 50c

Ricardo Uribe was no doubt related to Rafaela Gómez de Uribe.

Only the 50c is known. These were printed by J. M. Iguíniz.

Molino de Nixtamal

Nixtamal 10c

Molino de Nixtamel 20c

A series of at least three values (5c[image needed], 10c, and 25c) issued by this corn-mill, owned by Ramón G. Gómez, with various dates in 1915 (the 10c is 4 August and the 20c is 14 October). They are handstamped on the reverse 'RAMON G. GOMEZ'.

In 1904 Gómez was listed as running a cantinaDirectorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904.


Fabrica de San José de Refugio

Félix López began as the distillery administrator under then owners Josefa Salazar and her sons. In 1870 López took over the distillery and agave fields and registered it as a tequila producer under the name of Hacienda San José del Refugio.

Félix López married Carmen Rosales and they had two children, Aurelio and María de Jesús. The couple modernized the production of tequila at the hacienda, building a facility that remained in use until 1963. López died in 1878 and Rosales took over the business along with her brother Ambrosio Rosales and his wife Elisa Gómez Cuervo. Later, the business was inherited by Aurelio López.

The construction of railroads in the late 19th century allowed for easier shipping to other parts of Mexico and increased tequila’s popularity in the country. By this time the hacienda’s tequila was well known, with Aurelio giving it the name of Herradura, allegedly after a horseshoe he found while inspecting the agave fields. It gleamed like gold and the horseshoe was kept for luck. In the 1920s the Cristero War broke out, with both Aurelio and his sister María de Jesus as sympathizers. At one point government troops surrounded the hacienda but the siblings were able to escape. However, Aurelio never returned to the hacienda again. The hacienda and the Herradura brand remained in the family for over 125 years.

de Refugio 50c

de Refugio 50c reverse

de Refugio 1

These cartones were produced by Iguíniz.

Atotonilco el Alto

Comercio y Agricultura

Atotonilco 5c

A 5c cartón.

Atotonilco 10c 2

This 10c has a handstamp of LORENZO VALLE.

Another 10c vale for local circulation might be either a private or, more likely, a municipal issue.

Atotonilco 10c

Atotonilco 10c reverse


The first reference in the Autlán archives to a private issue is on 25 May 1915 when the Presidente Municipal wrote to Riveros Hermanos, in Ayuquila, that he had learnt that they were demanding payment for maiz in fichas that some local businesses has issuedAHMAut, Caja 302, Exp. Sección Ayuntamiento (Sección 8) 2/2, 1915.

The Carrancistas, under General Pablo Quiroga, took possession of Autlán on 25 November 1915. On the same day they appointed Higinio García Meza as Presidente Municipal and at a meeting of businessmen, resolved to address the problem of the lack of small change caused by the withdrawal of the Brigada Moreno notes by authorising certain businesses to issued bonos ó vales, validated by the seal of the Presidente Municipal. These vales would circulate until Carranza’s own fractional currency arrived, at which time each business would collect and reimburse all the vales it had issued, Finally, the agreement noted that vales that had already been issued by businesses would be withdrawn and changed for vales of the new issue AHMAut, Sección Presidencia Municipal (Sección 9), 1915) and (AHMAut, Sección Gobernación (Sección 6), 1915).

So this was not the first time that private notes appeared.

Twenty-nine people signed this agreement, though we know of only a couple of issues. These are a 1c and 10c note for the cigarette factory, “El Vesubio”, that was owned by Higinio García Meza and located on the corner of calle Guillermo Prieto and calle de Reforma, and (if rightly placed here) a 10c from Clemente González é hijo.

“El Vesubio” Fabrica de Cigarros

El Vesubio 1c

El Vesubio 10c

We know of black on cream notes, hand signed on the reverse, in at least two values.

Clemente González e hijo

Gonzalez 10cClemente Gonzalez 10c reverseA 10c note.

Clemente Gonzalez is listed as running a soap factory in 1904Directorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904. On 21 May 1905 he was appointed by the Ayuntamiento to a three-man comission to oversee the construction of a market.

Leónides E. Sánchez

However, on 6 December Leónides E. Sánchez, owner of the appropriately-named “Las Termopilas” on the corner of calle Ramón Corona and calle Mariano Escobedo, sent $364 in 50c and $1 fichas to be stamped by the Presidencia Municipal and stated that he had already issued $152 in fichasAHMAut, Caja 302, Exp. Sección Ayuntamiento (Sección 8) 2/2, 1915.

"Vale del Comercio"

Comercio Autlan 5c

Comercio Autlan 20c

Comercio Autlan 50c

Next, a meeting called by the Comandante de la Plaza, Teniente coronel Antonio L. Cano, on 9 December 1915 addressed the continuing problem by authorising a commission composed of Silvestre Arias, Florencio Topete, Irineo Barragán and Maximo González to print $5.000 in “Vales de Comercio in four values ((5c yellow, 10c[image needed], 20c yellow and 50c green). These would again be stamped by the Presidencia Municipal and then distributed among 22 businesses, who would guarantee their notes for the initial period of two months (to be extended, if necessary)ibid..

On 16 December another meeting decided it would now issue $8,000 in notes. After two months, from 16 February 1916, the notes would be redeemed in three casas de comercio: José María Topete’s “La Palestina”, Clemente González e hijo’s “La Reforma” and Adela Blake Vda. de Barragán’s “La Esmeralda”, and destroyed on 1 Marchibid.. Notice of this accord was published in the neighbouring Unión de TulaAHMAut, Sección Presidencia Municipal (Sección 9), 1915.

These notes were printed on the presses of Francisco L. Araiza.

By 30 December the Tesorero de la Junta Monetaria reported that he had received $8151.60 in “Vales del Comercio”, from the Presidencia Municipal to be distributed to businessesAHMAut, Sección Hacienda (Sección 2), 1915.

On 1 May the Presidencia Municipal agreed with the Comisión to extend the validity of the vales until a new decision of the Presidencia, which would give people 15 days’ notice in which to exchange their notesAHMAut, Sección Presidencia Municipal (Sección 9), 1916.

Ciudad Guzmán

Gran Cantina y Hotel Anguiano

Anguiano 10c

Anguiano 50c

  from to total


This hotel, now the Hotel Zapotlán, was built in the second half of the 19th century. When the Anguiano family acquired it in August 1908, they added a second floor. At this time, it was owned by Gabriel Anguiano.

These blue on white cartones were printed by J. M. Iguíniz.

Manzano y Compañía

Manzano 20c

  series from to total
20c C         includes numbers 2039 to 2584


Cámara de Comercio

A series of six notes (5c[image needed], 10c[image needed], 20c[image needed], 50c[image needed], $1[image needed] and $2[image needed]), all identical except for the denomination.


Cocula is a city located 56 kilometres southwest of Guadalajara.

Compañía de Luz y Fuerza Motriz de Cocula, S. A.

Luz 5c

Luz 5c reverse

Luz 10c

El Grullo

Antonio R. Olivera

Olivera 10c

Olivera 10c reverse

Olivera 15c

Olivera 15c reverse

Olivera 50c

These are signed on the reverse by Antonio R. Olivera.

Antonio R. Olivera sig Olivera


These were probably produced by Salvador Araiza, a printer in Unión de Tula, who owned the region’s sole printshopAHMAut, Sección Gobernación (Sección 6), 1915.

La Reforma Mercantil

A cheque issued by Juan Vargas y Compañía of "La Reforma Mercantil".

Reforma Mercantil 1

Reforma Mercantil 1 reverse

  date on note from to total
$1 22 May 1915         includes number 118


Inocencio R. Preciado

Preciado 1

Preciado 1 reverse

  date on note from to total
$1 23 August 1915         includes number 871


This was signed by Inocencio R. Preciado.

Inocencio R. Preciado sig Preciado


These are similar to the former issue but now they have the facility to be certified by the Administrador Subalterno del Timbre in Autlán as having paid the required stamp duty.

El Limón

Juan Jiménez

Jimenez 1c

Jimenez 1c reverse

Jimenez 2c

Jimenez 2c reverse

Jimenez 20c

Jimenez 20c reverse

Jimenez 50c

Jimenez 50c reverse

  date on note from to total
1c  20 May 1915
20c         includes number 16[   ]
50c         includes number 202



Señoritas Tomasa Romero y Hermana

Etzatlan 5c

Etzatlan 5c reverse

Tomasa Romero owned a farm in Etzatlán and so was sent a census form by the Comisión Local Agraria in January 1923AHME, Sección Gobierno, Serie Agricultura, Año 1923, exp. 51, f3. This note is a "proof of work done" to be redeemed in the Romero sisters' casa in Etzatlán. Once we have recognised the signatory, J. A. Romero, or the branding mark we can probably moved this to the "Haciendas" listing.

J. A. Romero sig Romero


Crescenciano M. Romero

Romero 5c

Etzatlan 10c

Etzatlan 20c

  from to total
5c         includes number 191
10c         includes number 125
20c         includes number 60


Crescenciano M. Romero (identified by his signature on the face of his notesAHME, Sección Gobierno/Directoria, Serie Comercio, Año 1913, exp. 446) was a local businessman and dignitary. He is mentioned with other businessmen in various oficial documents and in both July 1913AHME, Sección Gobierno/Directoria, Serie Fiestas y diversiones públicas, Año 1913, exp. 454, f3 and August 1916AHME, Sección Gobierno, Serie Fiestas y diversiones públicas, Año 1916, exp. 363, f2 was nominated as a member of that year’s Junta Patriótica to organise the program of festivities to celebrate national Independence.

In July 1917 Romero registered that he had established a grocery store called “La Central” at calle de Independencia 53AHME, Sección Hacienda, Serie Tesorería Municipal, Año 1917, exp. 16, f86 though this was probably an annual registration of his existing business.

Ysmael Rubio

Rubio 20c

  series from to total
20c E         includes number 5


Ysmael Rubio was a local businessman. He is mentioned with other businessmen in various documents and in August 1916AHME, Sección Gobierno, Serie Fiestas y diversiones públicas, Año 1916, exp. 363, f2 was nominated as a member of that year’s Junta Patriótica to organise the program of festivities to celebrate national Independence.

We know of a 20c cartón.