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Private issues (San Marcos - Zapotlán)

San Marcos

San Marcos 25c

San Martín

Enrique Ureña

Urena 10c

Urena 20c

Juan Kaiser first produced a series of three notes (5c[image needed], 10c and 20c), modelo 5277, ordered on 3 August 1915 for a cost of $50.00.

5c 2,000 $100.00 oblong red cartón
10c 2,000 200.00 oblong white cartón 
20c 1,000 200.00 oblong green cartón
  5,000 $500.00  


He produced a further issue on 9 December 1915.

5c 4,000 $200.00 oblong red cartón 
10c 4,000 400.00 oblong white cartón 
20c 2,000 400.00  
  10,000 $1,000.00  


Tranvias de Sayula, S. A.

Catalogues list a 6c note[image needed] fron this streetcar company. However, it is questionable whether such tickets were used as change and it is also likely that the '6' refers to the number in a strip of tickets rather that the value.


El Puerto Arturo

Puerto Arturo 1c

Puerto Arturo 2c

  from to total
2c         includes number 39


Pedro A. Zavala

Tala 1c

Tala 1c reverse


Leopoldo Ochoa 

These were modelo 5095, produced on 27 October 1914, at a cost of $9.75 per thousand pieces. 

Leopoldo Ochoa 1

Leopoldo Ochoa 1 reverse

50c 1,000 $ 500.00 round cartón
10c 500 50.00
  1,500 $550.00


Leopoldo OchoaLeopoldo Ochoa Rodriguez was born in 1874. He was owner of the “La Guadalupe” mill (ingenio) on the edge of Tecalitlán. He began by making unrefined cane sugar (piloncillo) but, as a good visionary, he enlarged the sugar mill (trapiche) and began to make sugar in lumps (marqueta) and alcohol.

He was presidente municipal of Tecalitlán in 1901 and 1909 and everything was going well, but because of the revolution had to leave Tecalitlán, emigrating to Michoacán to work in a mill as a driver (tachero) and in charge of making sugar.

Later the family settled in Zapotlán (today Ciudad Guzmán) where they ran “La Guadalupe” mill.





Juan Cueva

We know of 4c[image needed] and 10c notes[image needed].

  from to total
10c 0001       includes number 0015

Jesús Flores Villaseñor

Tecolotlan 4c

Tecolotlan 25c

Tecolotlan 25c reverse

Tecolotlan 25c 1

Tecolotlan 25c 1 reverse

Villaseñor 5c reverse

These were used throughout 1915 as some notes are dated 15 January 1915 but the 4c is known dated 15 November 1915CNBancico #11410.

Jesús Flores Villaseñor was listed as running a general store (tienda mixta) in 1903Directorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904. He was presidente municipal of Tecolotlán from 1925 to 1926.


José Enrique Agraz

Agraz 20c

Agraz 20c reverse

A 20c note.

Attributed to Tenamaxtlan but Agraz was presidente municipal of neighbouring Tecolotlán in 1912 and 1921El Informador, Año V, Tomo, XV, Núm 1,464, 9 October 1921.

Filemont Cobian

Tenamastlan 2c

Tenamastlan 2c reverse


Fonda J. W.   

This was owned by José Wolf, who was listed in 1903 as owning a factory processing ixtle, a plant fibre used for cordage, nets, and carpetsDirectorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904.

These simple notes were modelo 4647, ordered in 1915.

Wolf 10c

Wolf 15c

10c 1,000 $100.00 square cartón
15c 1,000 150.00 oblong cartón 
  2,000 $250.00  


Chavéz Cisneros records that in 1917 (the Year of Famine) there was also a shortage of small change that was supplemented by fichas issued by businesses in the towns of Mazamitla, Tizapán, and QuitupanEsteban Chavéz Cisneros, Quitupán, Ensayo histórico y estadístico, Morelia, 1954, p. 152.


Everardo Ramos

Everardo Ramos was listed as a general merchant in Tonaya in 1898Directorio Comercial de las Repúblicas Americanas, Washington, 1898. Catalogues record a 1c note[images needed] on cream pasteboard, 41x52mm, dated 13 April 1915.

Julio Cobian

Julio Cobian was presidente municipal of Tonaya on several occasions (1897, 1901, 1904, 1912 and 1928). Catalogues record a 5c note[images needed] on tan pasteboard, 22x52mm.


Angel Arch hijo

Taxinassta 20c

Taxinassta 20c reverse

We know of red 5c[image needed] and yellow 20c notes, printed by J. M. Iguíniz.


P. H. Ramsden

[if correct person] Major Percy H. Ramsden was born in London in 1858 and educated at Chigwell. He went to the United States and was connected with a number of prominent mines before moving to Mexico around 1879. After spending about 18 months in the mining district of Chihuahua, he moved to Guanajuato, and was regarded as one of the shrewdest and most reliable examiners of mining properties in Mexico. He surveyed every property which McElhiney and Bryant acquired either wholly or in part on their behalf. After several years connected to the Guanajuato Development Company in 1905 Ramsden was, with George Bryant, reprsenting the Peregrina Mining Company (The Mexican Herald, 12 August 1905) and an H. P. Ramsden was general manager of the Guanajuato River Mining Company (The Mexican Herald, 25 August 1905), in 1907 he resigned his position as superintendent of the Aparecida Mines company, to branch out on his ownThe Mexican Herald, 19 October 1907. He was still residing in Guanajuato and acquiring mining properties there in June 1913The Mexican Herald, 15 June 1913 and January 1914The Mexican Herald, 14 January 1914.

Ramsden 1

Ramsden 1 reverse

  date on note from to total
$1 10 April 1915         includes number 0398