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Other municipal notes

Queretaro municipal

San Juan del Río

San Juan del Río is a city located about 55 kilometres south-east of the state capital.

On 19 April 1915 the Secretario General, Dr. Rojas Torres, wrote to San Juan del Rio that the Cámara de Comercio in Querétaro had issued notes of 1c, 5c, 10c and 50c (sic) and suggested that it did the same, with the proviso that the notes would only circulate in that cityAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-1 Año 1915 Exp. 155 telegram Secretario General, Querétaro to San Juan del Río, 19 April 1915.

The government authorised an issue of $10,000 but by 14 May, for lack of materials, the printers could only produce just under half that amount, in the following denominations:

Value series from to total
5c       10,300 $515.00  
10c       5,300 530.00  
25c A 1 4733 4,733 1,183.25 includes numbers 2161 to 4311CNBanxico #11951
50c A 1 4942 4,942 2,471.00 includes numbers 2688 to 4604


These were sent to the Administración General de Rentas in Querétaro to be validated and then allocated to the Presidencia Municipal of San Juan del Río in exchange for a deposit of equal value. The Secretario General suggested that the vales be stamped before they were put into circulationAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-2 Año 1915 Exp. 188. The notes were issued on 25 May AQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-4 Año 1916 Exp. 515.


On 14 December 1915 A. Ugarte, the presidente municipal of San Juan del Río complained to the governor about the poor state of the 5c, 10c and 25c notes in circulation and asked for them to be exchanged for a new issue. The governor replied that he should publish a notice[text needed] to collect the unusable notes, giving out receipts, after which they would be exchanged in the Tesorería Municipal, to where the government would send the necessary corresponding amountAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-4 Año 1915 Exp. 359.

Once Carranza had ordered that these local issues should be redeemed, on 27 May 1916 the president municipal, Teniente Coronel Jorge Cabrera, asked the governor for $4,699.25 and the governor in turn ordered the Receptoria de Rentas to exchange the notes from 5 May until 20 May, after which date they would be considered worthless. The notes would then be sent to the Administración de Rentas for review and settlementAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-4 Año 1916 Exp. 515. On 3 June the Receptor de Rentas reported that he would effect the exchange from 5 June until 20 June and then send the collected notes to Querétaroibid..


The town of Tequisquiapan is also in the south-east of the state. By 29 April Tequisquiapan wanted to issue its own currencyAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-2 Año 1915 Exp. 193. On 10 June the governor gave the necessary authorisation to issue up to $1,000 in notes of 1c, 2c, 5c and 10c[images needed]AQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-2 Año 1915 Exp. 193 telegram L. Frías Fernández, Secretario General, Querétaro to Presidente Municipal, San Juan del Río 10 June 1915. The Secretario General wrote the same day to the Administrador General de RentasAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-2 Año 1915 Exp. 193 so these vales will have been under the same condition as the Querétaro and San Juan del Río issues, though just the lower values.

In fact the municipality issued only $330. On 22 November it asked for more but on 30 November this was refused because there were sufficient fractional notes circulating in Queretaro ibid.. The presidente municipal renewed his request on 1 December but received the same replyibid..


On 31 January 1916 Isauro Amaya, Presidente Municipal Interino of Cadereyta, at the heeding of various storekeepers, asked for permission to issue $30 in 5c, 10c and 50c vales, guaranteed by he Tesorería Municipal and for purely local use. He was refused but told he could apply to the Tesorería Municipal of Querétaro for valesAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-1 Año 1916 Exp. 419.

Tolimán, Colón and the Hacienda de Ajuchitlán

So the state government kept a strict control over local issues.

On 10 February 1916 the Presidente Municipal of Tolimán, Capitán F. Hernández, worried about the lack of small change in his district, wrote to the state capital, asking whether the cartones that were in use, example of which he attached, were authorised and whether he could make a similar issue.  The two different types of cartones that he included came from Colón[image needed], a town about 20 kilometres south-west of Tolimán (and about 60 kilometres from Querétaro itself), and from the Hacienda de Ajuchitlán[image needed], a further eight kilometres south of ColónAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-1 Año 1916 Exp. 434.

In reply, four days later, the Secretario General, Luis F. Pérez, refused permission. The only authorised issue was that of the Tesorería Municipal of Querétaro and if Tolimán needed small change it should buy some of their notes. As for the hacienda’s issue, these also contravened the law and the Presidente Municipal should arrange for them to be withdrawn, and also warn the owners of others businesses and estates that were in a similar positionibid..

On 17 February the Presidente Municipal reported that that he had told the Presidente Municipal of Colón to suspend his issue, and ordered Cesáreo Barrera, the Administrator of the hacienda at Ajuchitlán, to send him all the cartones that he had. On 8 March he further reported that the Colón issue had been declared worthless as the deposit that guarantied it had been in Villista paper currency (a pretty harsh and unfair decision, but once again demonstrating that these revolutionary issues tended to follow basic economic laws). The Ajuchitlán notes were being redeemed with legal tenderibid..


Jalpan 20c

we know of a blue  20c cartón from the Tesorería Municipal dated 2[         ] 1915.

On 20 December 1915 the Presidente Municipal of Jalpan telephoned about the status of 20c vales and was told on 28 December and on other occasions thereafter that they were of forced circulation, unless counterfeitAQ, Fondo Poder Ejecutivo Sec 2ª Hacienda C-4 Año 1915 Exp. 359 and Exp. 371. However, this must refer to Constitutionalist 20c cartones, which were widely counterfeited.