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Haciendas after the revolution

There are occasional reference to the survival of the tienda de raya on haciendas in Jalisco after the Revolution, though they might not have generated paper money.

Hacienda de Guadalupe

The hacienda de Guadalupe in Arandas is 120 kilometres east of Guadalajara. On 18 March 1931 Eduardo Vasconcelos wrote to the governor of Jalisco that the son of the hacienda owner had a shop that he ran personally, and strictly forbade workers from acquiring their necessities from anywhere else "on pain of taking away their work" and drove away other traders. Vasconcelos begged the governor to name an agent to investigate the matter. The Secretario General forwarded the request to the municipal president of Arandas, who replied, on 24 April, that a lady was in charge of the store, and that he would appoint a commissioner to ascertain whether any violation had been committedAJ, 33.

On 17 March 1932 Ignacio Hernández and others reported to the governor of Jalisco, Juan de Dios Robledo, that a "coal seller (jirador de carbón)" was paying his workers with vales valid in his store, attaching some of these as proof.

Loreto Maldonado

Twenty residents of La Quemada, Magdalena, complained, on 10 April 1932, to Governor Sebastían Allende, that Loreto Maldonado paid them with tokens (fichas). However, when the authority presented themselves they did not confirm their accusation because Maldonado threatened to take their jobs. In addition, Maldonado argued that the vouchers were only a chit (comprobrante) extended on request of the workers themselves, since wages were paid every week with real money. Moreover, work was very scarce in that municipality and if the government was hostile to the few businesses in operation it would seriously harm workersAJ, 35.

Hacienda de La Villita

In 1933 the workers of the hacienda de La Villita, Ameca, claimed that by Saturday they had made no profit in the tienda de rayathey used the colloquial phrase, that they were like "the milpas of Uncle Gil, that is, hanega by hanega”. They were given vales for the Ramírez store (Les daban vales para sacar "mudas" la tienda de los Ramírez de modo que sólo les quedaba el gusto de lucir nuevos calzones), they were paid half the minimum wage, 80 centavos, they lived in filthy hovels (cuchitriles) and lacked medical services. They therefore asked Mexico for an inspector, and although the landowner intimidated the peons so that they would not tell the truth, the inspector asked a boy nicknamed "El Zacual" if he was Catholic, and before his reply reminded him that if he told lies he would go to hell. “El Zacual" then confessed to the truth.

Haciendas of La Esperanza and San Marcos

The haciendas of La Esperanza and San Marcos, in Tonila, still had tiendas de raya in 1933. On 20 September Francisco Adame, representating the peons, peasants and day labourers, pleaded with President Abelardo Rodríguez to influence the governor to implement the minimum wage and set up a Conciliation Board. However, the governor denied that such tiendas still existed in JaliscoAGN, ramo Presidente Abelardo Rodríguez, vol. 206, 56131/9-12 even though on 17 February 1933 he had called for the closure of the tiendas de raya in Amatitlán Archivo Ayuntamiento Sayula, Libro de Gobierno 1, folio 91.