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Cámaras Nacionales

Campeche camaraA couple of Chambers of Commerce issued cheques to alleviate the shortage of small change during the revolution.

Campeche

Camara 1 reverse

Camara 5c reverse

Camara 25c reverse

Camara 50c reverse

The Cámara Agrícola Nacional de Campeche produced two series of cheques, printed by a local firm, Imprenta de Joaquín Castro. These were issued by different businesses that had deposited a sum to guarantee them with the Cámara. They had a distinguishing series and signature on the face and the printed signatures of Manuel García Gual as Presidente, G. J[       ][identification needed] as Tesorero, and [               ][identification needed] (or, for the second issue, Eduardo Alfaro Lara) as Secretario of the Cámara on the reverse.

Manuel García Gual was the brother of sometime interim governor José García Gual.

He was the manager of the Campeche branch of the Banco Yucateco when it opened on 1 January 1898El Correo Español, 12 January 1898.

sig Gual
G. J[       ] sig Tesorero

Eduardo Alfaro Lara was born in Campeche in 1870. He was a businessman, a member of the board of the local branch of the Banco Peninsular serving as secretary in 1908El Diario, vol. VI, núm. 790, 12 December 1908 and as substitute for Manuel García Gual as director in October 1909El Diario, 1 October 1909, and in December 1914 was appointed local agent for the Comisión Reguladora de HenequénEl Pueblo, 27 December 1914. He also served as a state deputy in 1910.

He died in Mexico City on 11 January 1934.

 

sig Alfaro
M. Cambranis sig M. Cambranis
D. Hurtado sig Hurtado
Vicente Gómez Hernández sig Gomez
[identification needed]   sig CAN

 

Known examples are a 50c cheque dated 22 November 1913 and a series of cheques (5c, 10c, 25c and 50c) dated 20 May 1914.

Date on note denom. Series from to total
number
total
value
 
22 November 1913 5c            
10c            
25c            
50c           includes number 001569
20 May 1914 5c C.M. unnumbered     with datestamp of Vicente Gómez Hernández, 8 June 1914
10c   unnumbered      
25c M.R.R. unnumbered      signed by D. Hurtado
50c N. RO. unnumbered      
        $34,792  

 

This was during the Huertista governorship of Manuel Rivera, who had the support of the members of the Cámara Agrícola Nacional as he could maintain order after the upset of Madero.

On 2 February 1914 an editorial in El Diario on the problem of small change reported that it had received letters from Campeche and Ciudad del Carmen about the lack of small change and the depreciation of the vales issued to address itEl Diario, 2 February 1914.

It appears that the two issues had a combined total of $34,792, of which $2,525 was never put into circulationPeriódico Oficial, Año XXXIII, Núm. 2901, 21 September 1915.

These notes were withdrawn once the Constitutionalists had taken over and introduced their own currency. In September 1915 the Jefe de Hacienda reported that the Banco Peninsular Mexicano had taken in $11,656 and his own Jefatura had collected $19,034. These, together with the unissued $2,525, making a grand total of $33,215, were incinerated in the patio of the Aduana Marítima on 13 September 1915ibid.. So $1,577 was still outstanding.

Ciudad del Carmen

Ciudad del Carmen is a city in the southwest of the state.

On 7 April 1913 Admiral Caperton reported to the Navy Department on the “invalidation of certain issues of bills signed by Leguna de Terminos”Records of the Department of State Relating to Internal Affairs of Mexico, 1910-1929, 812.515/38; 812.00/14812. This presumably refers to a Ciudad de Carmen issue: Laguna de Terminos is the lagoon behind Ciudad de Carmen.

On 2 February 1914 an editorial in El Diario on the problem of small change reported that it had received letters from Campeche and Ciudad del Carmen about the lack of small change and the depreciation of the vales issued to address itEl Diario, 2 February 1914.

The Cámara Nacional de Comercio de Ciudad del Carmen made a similar issue. The known example is a 50c cheque, from Alejandro Zeind, dated 16 July 1914.

Alejandro Zeind sig Zeind