Revolutionary vales

Because of the need to pay their troops various commanders resorted to issuing vales in lower denominations.

Torreón

On the face these read "EJERCITO CONSTITUCIONALISTA COMISION DE HACIENDA DIVISION DEL NORTE. TORRON, COAH., MEXICO." and on the reverse “Al presentarse a esta Comisión estas boletas con valor en junto de $5.00 o sus múltiples, serán inmediatamente cambiadas por cheques de Banco a Banco. Se tiene en depósito siempre el valor que representan estas boletas y no tienen más objeto que facilitar el cambio. OFICINA AV. JUAREZ No 1220 (CASINO) ABIERTA DE 9 A 12 A M. Torreón, Coah., Noviembre 20 de 1913”  with the seal of the Presidencia Municipal and impression of a seal. So these werre issued by the Comisión to address the shortage of small change because the bank-on-bank cheques in circulation were for one peso or more.

There was a single 50c Ejército Constitucionalista de Torreón note in the municipal treasury of Monclova, Coahuila on 5 April 1915AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 138.

Brigada Guadalupe Victoria

At the beginning of January 1914 it was reported that because of the trouble that the Brigada Guadalupe Victoria was having in paying its cost, it has been decided to issue notes (bonos) for $1,000,000¡Patria Libre!, Durango, Tomo II, Núm. 4, 10 January 1914.

By March the Brigada had moved on to Sombrerete, where they were lacking food due to the non-acceptance of Constitutionalist bonos¡Patria Libre!, 5 March 1914 .

Primera División de Caballería

These $1 notes are signed by M. M. Acosta as General en Jefe and [   ] as Pagador General.

Miguel M. Acosta Guajardo was born in Chihuahua on 16 September 1891. He took part in Madero’s uprising and then in 1912 fought against the Orozquistas in the states of Durango, Coahuila and Zacatecas. He became a Mayor de caballería in February 1913 when he supported Carranza’s rebellion, was captured by the Federals whilst blowing up railway lines in San Luis Potosí but later escaped and joined Carranza in Hermosillo, Sonora.

Carranza placed him under the direct command of General Lucio Blanco in Alvaro Obregón’s Ejército del Noroeste, and he fought with this corps from 15 November 1913 until 14 November 1914. As a Teniente Coronel de caballería, he took part in the capture of Sinaloa and Tepic, taking Acaponeta on 5 May and Tepic on 15 May. In June 1914 he took command of the División de Caballería of the Ejército del Noroeste and began the advance on Jalisco.

He subsequently had a long and successful military career.

The legend ‘Constitución y Reformas’ date these notes to after 14 February 1914, the date of Carranza's decree núm. 20 establishing this phraseology.

Parras

These notes were printed by the local firm, Tipografia El Aguila. On the face they read "Ejército Constitucionalista. EL PRESENTE ES VALIDO AL PORTADOR POR      á la vista pagadero en la JEFATURA DE ARMAS. Parras, Coahuila, Abril 30 de 1914" and have the signature of Roberto [   ].

The $5 was in a slightly different type.

There was a single $1 Ejército Constitucionalista de Parras note in the municipal treasury of Monclova, Coahuila on 5 April 1915AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 138.

Muzquiz

Miguel GonzalezA series of notes were issued in Muzquiz. Known values are 10c, 20c and 50c.On the face they state “Reembolsables por la Jefatura de Armas de esta Plaza. MUZQUIZ, MAYO 18 DE 1914. EL MAYOR JEFE DE LAS ARMAS. M. S. González.” and on the reverse “La presente nota será de circulación transitoria estrictamente local. Su valor representado será satisfecho a la vista en billetes emitidos por el Gobierno Constitucionalista.” so these were a temporary measure

[if same person] Miguel S. González was born in Coahuila in 1870. On Madero’s assassination he joined Villa’s División del Norte and took part in the taking of Torreón at the front of the Brigada “Guadalupe Victoria”.