Translate / Traducir

Huertista notes

Colima is a small state on the Pacific coast, below Jalisco. Although during the Revolution it escaped the violent upheavals experienced in some other parts of Mexico it can be seen as a microcosm for paper money, with competing factions, authorities trying to cope with the disappearance of hard currency, with counterfeiting, with ensuring a sufficient backing for any issue and with arranging a timely withdrawal.

Over time Colima used various national issues and issues from other states but also produced local solutions to the shortage of small change that impeded commerce as soon as coinage began to disappear or be hoarded. On 24 April 1914, using extraordinary powers granted him two days earlier, the interim Huertista governor, Antonio Delgadillo, authorised the State Treasury to issue a series of valesEl Estado de Colima, Tomo XLVIII, Núm. 197, 9 May 1914.

Delgadillo arranged for these vales to be printed in Mexico City, but two months later they had still not arrived, so on 6 June he authorized a provisional issue, to be printed locally and used until the definitive issue turned upEl Estado de Colima, 13 May 1914. There were a total of 100,000 pesos in four denominations – 10c, 20c, 50c and one peso – dated June 1914.

These unsurprisingly have a makeshift, military appearance, and could be considered as similar to the more well-known Huertista “siege” issues of Monterrey, Saltillo and Guaymas. The higher values were signed by Odilón Ayón as Treasurer (Tesorero), [                ][identification needed] as Interventor and Ramón A. Carrillo as Accountant (Contador).

Odilón Ayón

Odilón Ayón was Administrador Principal de Rentas on 28 April 1914El Estado de Colima, 2 May 1914.

sig Tesoreria Tesorero
  sig Tesoreria Interventor
 Ramón A. Carrillo sig Tesoreria Contador


So, what happened to the original printing? The answer is provided by two notes, a 50c and $1, printed by the Imprenta Franco Mexicana, a book-printer in Mexico City. Though these are of a reasonable quality, they are a simple design, with vignettes of the national emblem, the state’s coat of arms and a view of the nearby active Vólcan de Colima, and lack the sophistication of normal bank-notes. They fulfill the specifications of the original 24 April decree, namely:
1.    four values, divided into distinct series ($1 –Serie A, 50c – Serie B, 20c – Serie C and 10c –Serie D)
2.    issued by the Tesorería General (Erario) del Estado, and
3.    to be signed by the Tesorero and Contador.

They were printed by a Mexico City firm, unaccustomed to such work and unable to complete on time, and some of these unissued, unsigned and unsealed notes survived as curiosities, though the two lower values have not been recorded.

The Constitutionalists under General Alvaro Obregón captured Colima on 19 July 1914 and a week later Obregón banned Delgadillo’s notesEl Estado de Colima, Tomo XLVIII, Núm. 27, 25 July 1914). Though Delgadillo’s notes had been banned they still needed to be withdrawn, so on 4 August the State Treasurer, Ramón A. Carillo, announced that businesses and individuals who held more than fifty pesos in these notes had a week to hand them into the General Treasury in exchange for special certificatesEl Estado de Colima, Tomo XLVIII, Núm. 28, 1 August 1914.

The government continued changing large quantities of Delgadillo’s notes in the Tesorería General del Estado, mainly for the benefit of the poor El Popular, Colima, Epoca Tercera, Núm. 62, 24 September 1914. However, on 26 September 1914, interim governor Ignacio Padilla told the Treasury only to change notes for holders who were completely destituteEl Popular, Epoca Tercera, Núm. 64, 26 September 1914.

On 14 October the Tesorero Municipal of Colima reported that he had $1,570.90 in his office that needed to be changedAMCol, Actas de Cabildo, Colima, libro 87, acta 39, fojas 101v-103v. The Secretario General told the Tesorería General to exchange them in early DecemberAMCol, Actas de Cabildo, Colima, libro 87, acta 48, fojas 120f-122f: AMCol, E-59, Pos. 20, Exp. 259.

In summary, these Huertista issues were:

date on
value Series from to total
total value    
24 April 1914      10c D         not issued  
20c C          
50c B         includes numbers 961CNBanxico #154 to 7181
$1 A         includes numbers 129 to 39867
6 June 1914    June 1914 10c A unnumbered      demonetised 11 August 1914  
50c           includes numbers 2235 to 11561
$1           includes numbers 12780 to 35013CNBanxico #166