Ahualulco de Mercado is located in the Valles región in the centre of the state of Jalisco. To the north it borders San Juanito Escobedo and Tequila; to the south Ameca; to the east Teuchitlán and to the west Etzatlán.

Hacienda El Carmen

Hacienda de Santa Cruz

The 7,800 hectares Hacienda de Santa Cruz had its origins in the middle of the 18th century and was mainly involved in the production of tequila or mezcal. At the end of the 19th century the hacienda was acquired by Mariano Barcena, científico and Secretario de Fomento in the federal government, and after his death in 1899 was administered by his widow, Soledad Ríos de Barcena.

The hacienda issued a series of 5c, 10c, and 20c, dated Guadalajara, 15 August 1915.

H Santa Cruz 20c reverse

Then it produced another series of 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c and $1, in infalsificables, valid for three months, with various dates around July 1916.

Also comprobante de trabajo for 10c and 50c, exchangeable for cash (efectivo)

Hacienda “San Ignacio”

This hacienda, also run by a widow, Rafaela Gómez Vda. de Uribe, issued a similar series of 5c, 20c and 50c.


Ameca is situated in the western part of Jalisco, about 80 kilometres west of Guadalajara. The haciendas in the Valley of Ameca comprise a series of expansive land estates awarded to Spanish soldiers for their services in the military during the conquest of New Spain in the late 1500s. Although a great portion of these estates were built during the colonial period, some of them were inclusively built during the Porfirian period (1876-1910). These haciendas were dedicated to the production of mezcal, as well as the cultivation of sugar cane and rice as well as the raising of livestock.

Hacienda "El Cabezon"

This hacienda dated from the conquest. It passed through several owners until in 1765 Manuel Calixto Cañedo bought this and the neighbouring hacienda La Vega at auction from the Juzgado Eclesiástico of Guadalajara.

In 1915 it was owned by Manuel C. Cañedo.

Date modelo Value Number
Total Comment
11 March 1915 5218 1c 500 2,000 round maroon cartón
2c 500
3c 500
4c 500

Hacienda de “El Cuis"

This hacienda was owned by Francisco de Paula Fernández del Valle. a leaing businessman and one of the founders of the Banco de Jalisco.

It issued cartones printed by Iguíniz. Known examples include a satin-blue 1c, a blue 5c, and two 10c (one with a slightly different "FCO").

H El Cuis 1c

H El Cuis 5c

H El Cuis 10c

H El Cuis 10c 1

It also later issued $1 notes, changeable for infalsificables.

H El Cuis 1

Hacienda de la Esperanza

The  hacienda de La Esperanza belonged to the hacienda de Los Avinales, owned by Jesús Ovilón Cañedo who received it from his father a little before the latter's death in 1886. Jesús Ovilón Cañedo changed his seat to the hacienda de la Esperanza.

It issued a series of identical notes in eight denominations (1c, 3c, 5c, 10c, 25c, 50c, $1 and $2).

There is also a 5c note, dated 22 January 1916 issued by the Fraccionamiento de la Hacienda “La Esperanza” and valid for three months from the date of issue.

La Esperanza 5c

La Esperanza 5c reverseColección Numismática Banxico #6620

The company called “Fraccionamiento de la Hacienda de “La Esperanza”, S. A.” was set up on 18 August 1915 with a capital of $1,500,000 (reduced to $375,000 on 14 December 1915) to acquire the haciendas “La Esperanza”, situated 5 kilometres southeast of Ameca, and “Jayamitla”, situated 18 kilometres north of Ameca, to exploit them or break them up and sell in lots.

Hacienda de San Miguel

The hacienda was owned by Juan. L. Corcuera (connection with hacienda de San Miguel Cocula?).

A 20c and a 50c note.


Autlán is in the southwest of the state.

Hacienda El Limon

Ezequiel Zepeda y Hermanos issued cheques for 25 and 50 centavos, for various dates in 1915.

Ayotlán (Ayo el Chico)

Hacienda de Huáscato

This was owned by Ignacio E. Castellanos

H Huascato 5c

H Huascato 5c reverse

H Huascato 10c

H Huascato 10c reverse

H Huascato 20c

H Huascato 20c reverse

Date modelo Value Number
Total Comment
8 October 1915 5290 5c 700 2,000 blue on round cream cartón
10c 700
20c 400
50c 200