Hacienda de Estipac
The Hacienda de Estipac, owned by the brothers Francisco and Enrique Corcuera, was a sugar cane plantation and a “fatal hacienda” for those who lived there during the Porfiriato, according to people who lived there, The hacienda was large in extent, and surrounded by high adobe and rock walls. It was divided into two patios (yards): one where the peones lived in their straw huts, and from where no one could go outside after 8:00 p.m. It was forbidden to trespass into the patio where the main buildings were. There was a torreón (watch tower) where guards were stationed in order to watch the peones. Any peon caught trying to escape was shot to death. Only the servants were allowed to go to the main buildings through a door located by the church. The hacendados did not permit strangers on their premises and the foremen (capataces) took care that the peones did their work.
The first issue were uniface and made of pressboard Royal Index Bristol.
|13 February 1914||5c||200||400|
The second was also uniface, had rounded corners, and all the size of 30 x 30 mm. In the centre, the value on top reads CORCUERA HERMANOS. Under the value reads HDA. DE ESTIPAC and the initials of the Lithographic House "J. K.G.” Mod 4737.
|7 May 1914||4737||1c||500||1,100|
Twenty-five centavos, size 63 x 32 mm., made of white pressboard, with black ink, uniface, and with rounded corners. Quantity unknown.
Fifty centavos, size 63 x 30 mm., made of yellow pressboard with black ink, uniface, with rounded corners. Quantity printed unknown.
This is another issue of cartones made in the same Lithographic House: fifty centavos, size 61 x 35mm., made of pressboard “couche" blue color. In the center, the value 50 CINCUENTA CENTAVOS. Above reads CORCUERA HNOS., beneath, the hacienda's mark and the name HACIENDA DE ESTIPAC.
Another issue was ordered from Casa Litografica by Corcuera Hermanos: 1c, size 62 x 31 mm. made of orange pressboard and with black ink, uniface, and with rounded corners. Quantity unknown.
Also a 3c, size 61 x 33 mm. made of blue pressboard and with black ink, uniface, with rounded corners. Quantity printed is unknown.
Also, the Corcuera Hermanos ordered some issues from Casa Litografica Iguiniz, but the owner kept no records of the issues made there. Here are some pieces made by this place, in different denominations:
Five centavos, size 62 x 32 mm., made of green pressboard, with black ink, uniface, and with rounded corners. Quantity unknown.
Ten centavos, size 62 x 32 mm., made of blue pressboard, with black ink, uniface, and with rounded corners. Quantity unknown.
The hacienda also produced 25c, 50c and $1 notes payable in infalsificables.
Hacienda El Rincón
Carlota G. Vda. de Vizcaino