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Private issues (Ahualulco - Etzatlán)


Ricardo Uribe

Uribe 50c

Ricardo Uribe was no doubt related to Rafaela Gómez de Uribe.

Only the 50c is known. These were printed by J. M. Iguíniz.

Molino de Nixtamal

Nixtamal 10c

Molino de Nixtamel 20c

A series of at least three values (5c[image needed], 10c, and 25c) issued by this corn-mill, owned by Ramón G. Gómez, with various dates in 1915 (the 10c is 4 August and the 20c is 14 October). They are handstamped on the reverse 'RAMON G. GOMEZ'.

In 1904 Gómez was listed as running a cantinaDirectorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904.


Fabrica de San José de Refugio

Félix López began as the distillery administrator under then owners Josefa Salazar and her sons. In 1870 López took over the distillery and agave fields and registered it as a tequila producer under the name of Hacienda San José del Refugio.

Félix López married Carmen Rosales and they had two children, Aurelio and María de Jesús. The couple modernized the production of tequila at the hacienda, building a facility that remained in use until 1963. López died in 1878 and Rosales took over the business along with her brother Ambrosio Rosales and his wife Elisa Gómez Cuervo. Later, the business was inherited by Aurelio López.

The construction of railroads in the late 19th century allowed for easier shipping to other parts of Mexico and increased tequila’s popularity in the country. By this time the hacienda’s tequila was well known, with Aurelio giving it the name of Herradura, allegedly after a horseshoe he found while inspecting the agave fields. It gleamed like gold and the horseshoe was kept for luck. In the 1920s the Cristero War broke out, with both Aurelio and his sister María de Jesus as sympathizers. At one point government troops surrounded the hacienda but the siblings were able to escape. However, Aurelio never returned to the hacienda again. The hacienda and the Herradura brand remained in the family for over 125 years.

de Refugio 50c

de Refugio 50c reverse

de Refugio 1

These cartones were produced by Iguíniz.

Atotonilco el Alto

Comercio y Agricultura

Atotonilco 5c

A 5c cartón.

Atotonilco 10c 2

This 10c has a handstamp of LORENZO VALLE.

Another 10c vale for local circulation might be either a private or, more likely, a municipal issue.

Atotonilco 10c

Atotonilco 10c reverse


Clemente González e hijo

Gonzalez 10cClemente Gonzalez 10c reverseA 10c note.

Clemente Gonzalez is listed as running a soap factory in 1904Directorio general de la República Mexicana, 1903-1904. On 21 May 1905 he was appointed by the Ayuntamiento to a three-man comission to oversee the construction of a market.

"Vale del Comercio"

Comercio Autlan 5c

Comercio Autlan 20c

Comercio Autlan 50c

A series of four values (5c yellow, 10c[image needed], 20c yellow and 50c green) that were valid until 15 February 1916.

“El Vesubio” Fabrica de Cigarros

El Vesubio 1c

El Vesubio 10c

We know of black on cream notes, hand signed on the reverse, in at least two values.

Ciudad Guzmán

Gran Cantina y Hotel Anguiano

Anguiano 10c

Anguiano 50c

  from to total


This hotel, now the Hotel Zapotlán, was built in the second half of the 19th century. When the Anguiano family acquired it in August 1908, they added a second floor. At this time, it was owned by Gabriel Anguiano.

These blue on white cartones were printed by J. M. Iguíniz.

Manzano y Compañía

Manzano 20c

  series from to total
20c C         includes numbers 2039 to 2584


Cámara de Comercio

A series of six notes (5c[image needed], 10c[image needed], 20c[image needed], 50c[image needed], $1[image needed] and $2[image needed]), all identical except for the denomination.


Cocula is a city located 56 kilometres southwest of Guadalajara.

Compañía de Luz y Fuerza Motriz de Cocula, S. A.

Luz 5c

Luz 5c reverse

Luz 10c

El Grullo

Antonio R. Olivera

Olivera 10c

Olivera 10c reverse

Olivera 15c

Olivera 15c reverse

Olivera 50c

These are signed on the reverse by Antonio R. Olivera.

Antonio R. Olivera sig Olivera

La Reforma Mercantil

A cheque issued by Juan Vargas y Compañía of "La Reforma Mercantil".

Reforma Mercantil 1

Reforma Mercantil 1 reverse

  date on note from to total
$1 22 May 1915         includes number 118

Inocencio R. Preciado

Preciado 1

Preciado 1 reverse

  date on note from to total
$1 23 August 1915         includes number 871


This was signed by Inocencio R. Preciado.

Inocencio R. Preciado sig Preciado


These are similar to the former issue but now they have the facility to be certified by the Administrador Subalterno del Timbre in Autlán as having paid the required stamp duty.

El Limón

Juan Jiménez

Jimenez 1c

Jimenez 1c reverse

Jimenez 2c

Jimenez 2c reverse

Jimenez 20c

Jimenez 20c reverse

Jimenez 50c

Jimenez 50c reverse

  date on note from to total
1c  20 May 1915
20c         includes number 16[   ]
50c         includes number 202



Señoritas Tomasa Romero y Hermana

Etzatlan 5c

Etzatlan 5c reverse

 This is a "proof of work done" to be redeemed in the Romero sisters' store in Etzatlán. Once we have recognised the signatory, J. A. Romero, or the branding mark we can probably moved this to the "Haciendas" listing.

J. A. Romero sig Romero

C. M. Romero

Romero 5c

Etzatlan 10c

Etzatlan 20c

  from to total
5c         includes number 191
10c         includes number 125
20c         includes number 60

Ysmael Rubio

Rubio 20c

  series from to total
20c E         includes number 5


A 20c cartón.