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The revolution in Jalisco

The Villistas

On 1 April 1915 the Provisional Governor of Jalisco, Julian C. Medina, decreed all Carrancista currency, including the Ejército Constitucionalista, invalid, even if it had been restamped in the offices of the Jefatura de HaciendaLa Republica, 1 April 1915. The news that all the currency issued by Carranza was prohibited, irrespective of date or resello, with the exception of the 5c, 10c and 20c cartones, had already been published in Guadalajara on 31 MarchPeriódico Oficial, 8 April 1915. This, therefore, superseded the notice that the Oficina de Timbre had posted up on the same date, in which it informed the public that the Departamento de Hacienda y Fomento in Chihuahua, in a telegram dated 22 March, had said that notes of the Gobierno Provisional issued prior to the split which lacked resellos were of forced circulation until they were exchanged for notes of the Banco de Chihuahua (presumably dos caritas)La Republica, 1 April 1915.

On 6 April the Presidente Municipal of Guadalajara, Guilebaldo F Romero, clarified that the notes of forced circulation were the sábanas (which should have a Jefatura de Hacienda del Estado resello), the dos caritas and the Estado de Durango notes signed by F. R. Laurenzana, Pastor Rouaix y M. del Real AlfraroEl Estado de Jalisco, 6 April 1915. However, on the same day, Governor General Julián C. Medina, announced that the only notes of forced circulation were (1) both Chihuahua issues, (2) Constitutionalist cartones of 5c, 10c and 20c, (though not those of Colima or any other state), and (3) the 5c, 10c and 20c notes of the Dirección General de Rentas de Jalisco dated 19 June, 15 August and 24 October 1914El Estado de Jalisco, 8 April 1915.

The Carrancistas

On 12 November the Jefe de Hacienda in Guadalajara, Gabriel Vargas’ offices received the instructions from the Tesorería General de la Nación to pay out on the deposited low number Gobierno Provisional de México notes. Since many of the holders of receipts were from the por, Vargas arranged that on Mondays and Tuesdays receipts from one to five hundred pesos would be dealt with on Mondays and Tuesday, from $501 to $5,000 on Wednesdays and Thursdays, and from $5,000 upwards on Fridays and Saturdays.El Demócrata, Guadalajara, Tomo I, Núm, 13, 13 November 1915.

On 15 December Vargas, following a multitude of complaints that people were refusing to accept the Ejército Constitucionalista if they were not restamped, reminded the public that circular núm. 48 made them of forced circulation, even if they lacked the requisite reselloEl Demócrata, Guadalajara, Tomo I, Núm. 46, 16 December 1915: Boletin Militar, 17 December 1915. The next week, following disquiet about the last circular on Chihuahua notes, he had to repeat the messageBoletin Militar, 31 December 1915. The Jefatura de Hacienda in Guadalajara accepted the Chihuahua notes that Carranza had authorised (los del Estado de Chihuahua de la emisión que autorizó el C. Primer Jefe del Ejército Constitucionalista don Venustiano Carranza) for later reimbursement until 31 December 1915Boletin Militar, 31 December 1915. On 30 December Vargas had to confirm that the Ejército Constitucionalista were valid and of forced circulationEl Demócrata, Guadalajara, Tomo I, Núm. 61, 31 December 1915).

Thus at the end of 1915 Carranza was still in theory acknowledging his government’s obligation on certain Chihuahua notes. Such notes when handed in may have been stamped in acknowledgement and this may explain some ‘Jefatura de Hacienda’ and ‘Administración de Timbre’ resellos.

Carranza later proroged the period for depositing notes and on 16 February 1916 the Jefatura de Hacienda in Guadalajara advised people that the office would stay open until new instructions were receivedBoletin Militar, 16 February 1916.