During the Revolution various private concerns issued low-value vales to make up for the shortage of small change and to ease purchases. The known vales that carry a date are dated April, May or June 1915.
On 23 August 1915 the Secretario General, Arturo Osorio, issued circular núm. 19 to the jefes politicosAO, Fondo Histórico, sección Período revolucionario, serie Gobernación, caja 112, exp. 5. It noted that some commercial and industrial houses had issued bonos without the corresponding authorization. Though these bonos had proved useful the government needed to ensure the guarantees necessary for their issue, circulation and redemption. So Osorio required of each jefe politico, within ten days, a detailed report of the commercial or industrial houses and individuals that had issued bonos or vales, with details of the number and value issued. The total value of the issue should be deposited in the Oficina de Contribuciones and anyone not making such a deposit, or continuing to issue bonos or vales without the corresponding and prior authorization of the Government, would be punished.
On 9 October, in his circular núm. 25ibid., Osorio had to note that the majority of jefes politicos had not yet sent the detailed reports that he asked for or acknowledged receipt of any deposits. He repeated his request and stressed the urgency.
It would be useful if we could locate any of the reports that jefes politicos managed to make.
Huautla de Jiménez
Vicente Morelos was a leading citizen of Huautla who served as presidente municipal on three occasions, in 1903, 1911 and 1915. He issued a series of six values (1c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 25c and 50c)
Miltepec is in the Distrito de Huajuapam.
Ciprino Cruz e Hijo
|10c||includes number 152|
A 10c note issued by Jesús M. Vda. de Franco.
Ixtlan / Natividad
Compañía Minera de Natividad y Anexas
and a different design
|date on note||from||to||total
|5c||22 April 1915||includes number 06024|
|10c||22 April 1915||includes number 05868|
|25c||8 May 1915||includes numbers 18702 to 22278CNBanxico #11813|
|12 May 1915||includes number 25852CNBanxico #5665|
|13 May 1915||different design
includes number 6685CNBanxico #5666
|50c||12 May 1915||includes numbers 29667CNBanxico #11814 to 34377|
La Universal y La Concordia
Franco y Hermano
Angel San German
|2c||A||includes number 1834|
|20c||D||includes number 0389|
A set of at least four different values that could be used in the following stores: Manuel Rojas de Silva; Bustamente Hnos. y Villasante; Luis Bustamente; José G. Morales "El Peje"; Botica "La Cruz Roja"; Librería Francisco Salazar; Ocyavio Figueroa y Cía.; Manuel R. Canseco; José Ramirez Martínez, and Figueroa y Richard.
These carry the title of Angel San-German who no doubt printed the notes and might have also accepted them. Alternatively he could have used the notes for a piece of advertising: Nobody is cheaper (¡Nadie vende más barato!).
Teotitlán del Camino
Cafetal “Maria Luisa”
This coffee plantation is located in Santa María Chilchotla, in the Teotitlan district. In 1912 it was of 4,262 hectares and owned by Agustín MacClean.
These notes were redeemable on presentation at J. Guadalupe García y Hno. in Huautla, a town 18 kilometres away.
The 25c note has a handstamped date of 20 July 1915 on the reverse.
“La Teotiteca” y “La Aurora”
In 1912 the Cafetal Netzahualcóytl of 3,500 hectares was owned by M. Gamboa Moreno y Hnos
Este vale representa la cantidad quese adeuda al tenedor, por falta de cambio y que acepta convencionalmente para cobrarlo en su oportunidad.
Compañía Minera San Juan de Taviche, S. A.
This mine was located at San Jerónimo Taviche, 18 kilometres south east of Ocotlán.
|5||includes number 2285|
Nabor Alderete was owner of the coffee plantation “El Gólgota” in Pluma HidalgoPeriódico Oficial, tomo XXVIII, núm. 37, 6 May 1908. In 1912 he was a Juez de primera instancia in MiahuatlánPeriódico Oficial, tomo XXXII, núm. 17, 29 February 1912.
Alfredo Osorio Ortiz
Alberto G. Belderrain
The 25c has a handstamped date of 27 March 1915.
An Alberto G. Belderrain was owner of the Concordia coffee plantation, one of the largest in the district, by 1889El Avisador de Puerto Angel, Tomo I. Núm. 2, 1 January 1889 and Núm. 8, 1 April 1889 and had also acquired the Eureka, Nubes and Mercedes plantations by 1896.
Adolfo E. Silva
Adolfo E. Silva was a leading coffee grower. When the plantation owners decided to form a “Unión Cafetara de Pluma Hidalgo” in October 1909 Silva was elected the first TreasurerPeriódico Oficial, 10 December 1909; El Imparcial, Tomo XXVII, Núm. 4786, 26 October 1909; El Tiempo, 27 October 1909; The Mexican Herald, 28 October 1909.