Stamps on Gobierno Provisional notes
Overprints on the Veracruz Gobierno Provisional notes can be divided into those revalidating the notes (which could be applied before the notes were put into circulation for the first time) and those marking that the notes had been withdrawn from circulation. The latter will have been applied in offices before the notes were accumulated together for incineration, in accordance with the prescribed regulations.
On 27 September 1915 Rafael Nieto stated that his office had refrained from issuing information on counterfeits because, without simultaneous explanations, it would cause alarm. As General González and others sources had made pronouncements that had calmed the public he now announced that there would be an exhibition in the central patio of the National Palace of all the different issues made by the Gobierno Constitucionalista, and that all genuine notes of the Ejército Constitucionalista and Veracruz issues would be revalidated in the Oficina Impresora de Estampillas, in Mexico City, and in the Oficina Impresora de Billetes, in VeracruzEl Democrata, Tomo II, Núm.304, 29 September 1915.
On 4 October they began revalidating the notes in the Tesorería General in Mexico City. The rules laid down by the Oficial Mayor, R. N. Millán y Alva, were that they would revalidate the higher values ($20, $50 and $100) first and then move onto the lower denominations. They would accept packets of notes on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays and return them on Mondays and FridaysThe Mexican Herald, Año XXI, No. 7317, 2 October 1915.
JEFATURA DE HDA - GUADALAJARA with P. in centre
On 22 March 1916 Carlos García Mares arrived in Guadalajara, designated by the Secretaría de Hacienda to review the notes in circulation. He intended to set up a special office to inspect every type of note, revalidating those that were not counterfeit and were of legal circulating and invalidating the restEl Presente, Tomo II, Núm. 99, 24 March 1916.
La Esperanza, Canton, Jalisco
Mich. de Ocampo, Jefatura de Hacienda – Resellado
In Mazatlán it was reported that the government was going to revalidate the Veracruz notes in the Dirección Principal del Timbre and in another government office, but that in fact there were almost none in circulationProgreso, Tomo I, Num. 4, 14 October 1915.
On 5 May 1916 the Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público instructed Oficinas Recaudadores to keep only whatever Gobierno Provisional and Ejército Constitucionalista was absolutely necessary for their immediate use and to collect the rest in the Jefatura de Hacienda and marked it with an official seal stating ‘Retirado de la circulación’Periódico Oficial, Durango, 20 May 1916 letter from R. Nieto to governor of Durango. A few such overprints are known, resulting either from this or later instructions (such as those of 27 April 1916 or 6 June 1916).
The following stamps are known.
On 6 May 1916 the Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público told Saltillo to make certain payments in infalsificable and, for the rest, to use whatever “Gobierno Provisional” y “Ejército Constitucionalista” was necessary, collecting the rest in the Jefatura de Hacienda and marking it “Retirado de la circulación”ACoah, Fondo Siglo XX, 1915, caja 26, folleto 5, exp. 1. By 24 May the Tesorero General, Manuel Cepeda, had ordered the necessary stampACoah, Fondo Siglo XX, 1915, caja 26, folleto 5, exp. 1.
On 7 March 1916 the government issued a notice reiterating that Veracruz notes were of forced circulation, whether or not they were revalidated, and threatened to punish people who refused themAQ, Libro Copiador 303, Telegramas 23 April 1915 - 10 April 1916, p608 letter Celestino Simental, Secretario General to R. González, Presidente Municipal, Gómez Palacio, 15 March 1916
On 5 May the Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público told Durango to make certain payments in infalsificable and, for the rest, to use whatever “Gobierno Provisional” y “Ejército Constitucionalista” was necessary, collecting the rest in the Jefatura de Hacienda and marking it “Retirado de la circulación”Periódico Oficial, Durango, Tomo XLI, Núm. 24, 20 May 1916.
JEFATURA SUPERIOR DE HACIENDA - ESTADO DE GUANAJUATO
Tesoreria Municipal de Guanajuato
Michoacán de Ocampo, Retirado
Michoacán de Ocampo Tesoreria General Retirado
MICHOACAN DE OCAMPO / TESOREIA GENERAL / AMORTIZADO
At a meeting of the Monterrey town council on 8 May 1916 they discussed Carranza’s decree that doubled all taxes for two months to help redeem the national debt (deuda Nacional), retiring all the notes received in the tax offices (Oficinas Recaudadores) with a stamp 'Retirado de la circulación'AMM, Colección Actas de Cabildo, volumen 102, exp. 1916/016. The Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público had told Monterrey to make certain payments in infalsificable and, for the rest, to use whatever Gobierno Provisiona and Ejército Constitucionalista was necessary, collecting the rest in the Jefatura de Hacienda and marking it “Retirado de la circulación”ANL, Fondo Leyes, Decretos y Circulares, Colecciones de Circulares, Año 1915-1919, caja 7; ANL, exp. 125.
In Puebla on 24 June a Comisión de Hacienda was formed so that the Tesorería Municipal could mark all the notes it received from 1 May with a very visible “RETIRADO DE LA CIRCULACION”AMPue, vol. 579, legajo 41, foja 392-395.
Jefatura de Hacienda Querataro
On 6 May 1916 the Secretaria de Hacienda instructed the Recaudadores in Sonora to retain only as much of the old issues as they needed for their immediate costs and to collect the rest in the Jefatura de Hacienda of the state, marked ‘RETIRADO DE CIRCULACION’.
JEFATURA DE HACIENDA - RESELLADO - TABASCO
Administración de Cosamaloapan – Retirado de la Circulación
Administración de Rentas de Jalapa. / Retirado de la Circulación.
Legalizado Art. 24 Ley del Timbre Misantla Mayo de 1915 El Admon.
Yucatan Ejercito Constitucionalista
Retirado de Circulación
INSPECCION DE AGUAS