At some time in 1913 or 1914 the local treasury issued a series of vales to facilitate commercial transactions. On 3 September 1914 Manuel Cepeda gave businesses and the general public a month to hand in any notes they still held, to be exchanged for Gobierno Constitucionalista notesPeriódico Oficial, Tomo XXIII, Núm. 13, 12 September 1914.
Because of the lack of small change during the Revolution, Monclova, like many other cities, on three occasions had recourse to issue its own fractional currency.
Firstly, on 23 May 1914 the interim Presidente Municipal, J. G. Blackaller, told his Tesorero Municipal that General Francisco Murguía, the local Jefe de Armas, had authorized them to issue $4,000 in notes of 10, 25 and 50 centavos. They were to be guaranteed by a deposit of notes, for when holders wanted to redeem themAMMon, Fondo Tesoreria, 1914. Since a later letter refers to $6,000 issued in May and July of 1914 we can presume that this first issue proved insufficient and a further $2,000 was issued in July 1914AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 212.
Then in January 1915 the Jefe de Armas, Coronel Roberto Rivas, authorized a new issue of $10,000 in the following denominations:
These were to be of forced circulation within the municipalityAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 42.
However, all the subsequent correspondence refers to just two denominations, 50c and one peso. On 15 January Presidente Municipal Pedro V. Elizondo sent his Tesorero, Salvador Castañeda, $4,248.90 (sic) in cartones of 50c and one peso, for the latter to sign and seal with the Treasury sealAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 37, and on 21 January sent a further $2,600AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 42.
On the arrival of the Villistas on 26 January Presidente Municipal Pedro Elizondo had fled to Piedras Negras, leaving Jacinto Cantú in his placeHe returned on 22 September 1915 (AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 281 Pedro Elizondo to Governor Espinoza Mireles, Saltillo, 25 September 1915). During their stay the Villistas took $6,543.73 from the Municipal TreasuryAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 295.
On 2 April the Tesorero Municipal listed $5,111.50 worth of notes that he had that were no longer legal tender, some of which related to the guarantee fund for the valesAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 138. The Presidente Municipal asked Saltillo if these could be exchanged for valid notesAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 140 Jacinto Cantú to José Mena, Saltillo, 5 April 1915.
On 5 April the Presidente Municipal told Saltillo that they had issued $7,000 in 50c and $1 tarjetas, which circulated freely and were accepted for taxes. He asked the Governor to confirm the notes’ legality as to do otherwise would cause great hardship to the local government and publicAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 139.
When it came to redeeming these notes in April 1915 the Presidente Municipal asked the state governor, General Santiago Ramírez García, for a donation of $7,000. Why did he need help in redeeming an issue that was supposedly guaranteed by funds in the Treasury? Presumably because when the Villista “hordes” evacuated Monclova they took the money that was in the Treasury’s safe.
On 8 April Jacinto Cantú asked Saltillo to entrust the $7,000 to his Tesorero Municipal, Salvador Castañeda AMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 146 Jacinto Cantú to José Mena, 8 April 1915.The Presidente Municipal acknowledged receipt of the money on April 14 and prohibited the circulation of the valesAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 150. On 28 April the Presidente Municipal of Monclova wrote that businesses and the public were refusing the 5c, 10c and 20c notes (tarjetas transitorio) and asked for authorization to enforce their circulation and impose penalties. The next day the governor agreedACOAH, exp. 11707 (not found on visits in 2010 and 2017). However, on 30 April the Tesorero Municipal was instructed to begin withdrawing the valesAMMon, Fondo Presidencia Municipal, caja 414, Libro copiador de oficios, pag. 169 Presidente Municipal to Tesorero Municipal, Monclova, 30 April 1915. So these had a short life and are correspondingly rare. Only the 50c note is known to have survived.
|5c||A||includes numbers 18583 to 266618CNBanxico #119|
|10c||C||includes number 01492|
|25c||C||includes number 03439https://mediateca.inah.gob.mx/repositorio/islandora/object/fotografia%3A191562|
|50c||B||includes number 05992 to 11022CNBanxico #10212|
|5c||A||includes number 558|
|10c||A||includes numbers 2806CNBanxico #10202 to 2987|
|20c||A||includes numbers 352CNBanxico #31 to 2259CNBanxico #10203|
On 1 December 1913 Dr. Adolfo Mondragon Bouckhardt, the presidente municipal of Torreón, wrote to the Comisión de Hacienda asking (if it was not inconvenient) to send the Presidencia the stamp (sello marcador) to stamp the paper money that the Tesorería Municipal was going to issueLG papers, 3-B-59: letter Presidente Municipal, Torreón, to Comisión de Hacienda, Torreón. 1 December 1913.
Is this an unrecorded municipal issue, or was Dr. Bouckhardt referring to the notes of the Comisión de Hacienda of the División del Norte which had the stamp of the Presidencia Municipal?