Guanajuato Consolidated Mining and Milling Company
The Guanajuato Consolidated Mining and Milling Company was incorporated in Colorado in 1898 with a capital of three million US dollars to work the Sirena, Cardonas, Barragan and Constantina mines.
It issue notes in accordance with the authorization dated 3 August 1914CEHM, Fondo XXI Venustiano Carranza, carpeta 12, legajo 1207. Existing examples are for 10c, $1, and $10.
|5c||A||00001||includes number 00005|
|10c||B||includes number 5263|
|$1||E||includes numbers 8343 to 03593|
|$10||H||includes number 00418CNBanxico #11059|
The notes have the following printed or handsigned signatures.
Joseph MacDonald (1856-1939) was a wealthy mining engineer and executive. He worked at the Avalon Smelter in British Columbia, and then in various mines in Gem, Idaho; Juneau, Alaska and Mexico.
On 14 May 1902, while he was managing the Treadwell Mines in Juneau, Alaska, MacDonald shot and killed religious fanatic N.C. Jones because Jones, a missionary, believed God had instructed him to make sure the sabbath was observed. The operations at Treadwell, the largest gold mine in existence when in operation, only closed down for Christmas and Independence Day. Jones and MacDonald had already had confrontations about closing on Sundays and efforts were being made to keep Jones away. However, when MacDonald returned home, he was confronted by Jones who was armed and tried to shoot him. MacDonald fired and hit Jones in each arm and twice in the torso which led to his deathOne version. The Mexican Herald reported that “It had been charged that McDonald brained the missionary with a crow-bar.”.
MacDonald was originally cleared of wrong doing and continued to run the mine. However, in December 1912, when he was general manager of the Guanajuato Consolidated Mining and Milling company, he was indicted for the murder, ultimately extradited to the United States, tried and on 1 August 1913 found not guiltyThe Mexican Herald, 18th Year, No. 6,545, 2 August 1913.
The notes were a temporary measure and on 28 October 1914 the companies issued a notice that they were to be redeemed in their respective offices, giving people five days in which to hand in any notesCrispín Espinosa, Efemérides Guanajuatenses.
By 1 November some public offices and shops had begun to refuse the notes. The local newspaper, El Observador, said that it realized that they were not of forced circulation, but they had been issued with the approval of businesses and the public and did state that the companies would redeem them with legal tender as soon as business communications were restored with the capital of the Republic. The paper was aware of poor people who had not been able to buy necessities, and speculators who were buying the notes at less than face value. It called upon the authorities to actEl Observador, Guanajuato, Año XI, Núm. 895, 1 November 1914.