Translate / Traducir

El Banco de Guerrero

A federal concession for a bank in Guerrero was granted on 30 September 1903, but the promoters had difficulty in raising the necesary finance and had to ask for extensions to the time-limit and a reduction in the capital required. The first bank did not actually open until three years later.

On 31 March 1906 a meeting of shareholders was called to choose a Consejo de Administración in Iguala, a Consejo Consultivo based in Mexico City, and two comisarios. The board was composed of Antonio Lavín, Guillermo Mastache and Cándido Nava; the consejo consultivo of Ricardo Honey, Emilio Velasco, Porifirio Díaz (hijo), Joaquín Eguía and Tomás P. Honey, and the comisarios were A. Lozano R. and Enrique Carral. Rogerio L. Hersberger was appointed director and Eduardo W. Dawe, cajero contadorThe Mexican Herald, 15 April 1906.

The bank opened in Iguala, the only town in Guerrero with a rail link to Mexico City, on 2 July 1906 with its offices in a building that had served as the Hotel Universal and had been extensively remodelled.

Branch offices were opened in Acapulco and Bravos (Chilpancingo).

Following an investigation by the Comisión Reguladora e Inspectora de Instituciones de Crédito the bank's charter was cancelled on 15 December 1915.

Under Obregón decree of 31 January 1921 the bank was placed into Class B (for banks whose assets and liabilities were about equal and which were given a short time in which to obtain the necessary funds to resume) and allowed to resume all customary operations except the issue of bank notesDiario Oficial, 29 June 1921 letter Manuel Padrés, subsecretario, to Ignacio Olea Daza, manager, 16 June 21. The bank was finally liquidated in 1921.

American Bank Note Company print runs

The American Bank Note Company produced the following notes. They engraved special vignettes of Vicente Guerrero Saldana (C 280)Vicente Guerrero was born in Tixtla, Guerrero on 10 August 1783. He began his military career under Galeana in 1810 and became famous for his heroic battles in the South. He defeated the Royalists José de la Peña, Lamadrid, Armiso and Samaniego. When Morelos was executed, Guerrero was one of the few insurgents who refused amnesty, though he was threatened with the death of his father, to which he replied: “The fatherland is first”.
On 10 January 1821, Iturbide was sent to fight against Guerrero. He sent a letter to Guerrero inviting him to a meeting that resulted in an alliance which consummated the Independence of Mexico. When Iturbide proclaimed himself emperor, Guerrero fought against him until the end of the empire. He was Minister of the Executive Supreme Power during the presidency of Guadalupe Victoria.
In 1828, he was nominated for the presidency. He became President on 1 April 1828 and lost power on December 16 of the same year when deprived of his post by Congress and Anastasio Bustamante. Guerrero fought against Bustamante’s government until January 1831 when he was taken prisoner aboard the brigantine Colombo. He was given a court martial and was executed in Villa of Cuilapan on 14 February 1831.
for the faces, of the church at Taxco (C 942) for the $100 note, and of a view of Acapulco for the reverses.

Guerrero 5 b 42899

Guerrero 5 B 42899 reverse

Guerrero 10 B 36827

Guerrero 10 B 36827

Guerrero 20 B 27536

Guerrero 20 B 27536 reverse

Guerrero 50 A 00000

Guerrero 50 A 00000 reverse

Guerrero 100 A 00000

Guerrero 100 A 00000 reverse

Guerrero 500 specimen

Date Value Number Series from to
June 1904 $5 40,000 A 00001 40000
$10 20,000 A 00001 20000
$20 15,000 A 00001 15000
$50 10,000 A 00001 10000
$100 2,000 A 0001 2000
$500 200 A 1 200

 

When the ABNC produced another run of notes at the beginning of 1914 they altered the dateline on the plates from "Iguala__de_____de 190_" to "Iguala__de_____de 19__" .

Date Value Number Series from to
February 1914 $5 50,000 B 40001 90000
$10 25,000 B 20001 45000
$20 15,000 B 15001 30000
$50 10,000 B 10001 20000
$100 7,000 B 2001 9000

Signatories

Gerente

RogerioRodrigo according to the report of the interventor, 20 January 1907 (Memoria de las Instituciones de Crédito correspondiente a los años de 1904-1906, tomo I, vol. II) Gilberto Hershberger was born in 1870. By 1901 he was cajero of the Water Pierce Oil CompanyEl Tiempo, 19 December 1901, a subsidiary of Standard Oil, that in 1887 became the first foreign-owned oil company to establish operations in Mexico by engaging in the refining of Mexican crude oil and the sale of its products in the United States.

Hershberger was the first manager but resigned in early October 1906, after just four monthsreport of the interventor, 20 January 1907, Memoria de las Instituciones de Crédito correspondiente a los años de 1904-1906, tomo I, vol. II.

He signed the notes dated 1906.

sig Herschberger

Ignacio Olea Daza

He signed the notes dated 1914.

sig Daza

Consejero

Cándido Nava

Nava was on the town council of Iguala in 1904Periódico Oficial, 8 January 1904 and 1910, and served as a judge (juez de la primera instancia) in 1908.

sig Nava
Emilio Velasco sig E 1906
Richard HoneyRicardo (Richard) Honey emigrated from Cornwall, England to Pachuca, Hidalgo in 1862 at the age of twenty-three. He bought an iron mine in Ixmiquilpan, and established a mine in Pachuca. He built the first iron bridge in Mexico, which crossed the river Tula in Tasquillo. Honey was incredibly successful and used his riches to purchase more iron mines, at La Encarnación, near to Zimapán, 75 kilometres north-east of Pachuca. He also acquired various smelters.
Honey married Emma Jane Phillips, another Cornish immigrant and had four sons and five daughters. His main residence was in Mexico City, where he founded the Jockey Club. He also founded the Reforma Athletic Club in Pachuca.
During an illustrious career Honey was the president of three banks, an iron and steel works, two mining companies, a paint factory and was a director of two railway companies, the Ferrocarril Nacional Mexicano and the Ferrocarril de Pachuca-Tampico.
Honey was known for the treatment of his workers, including always paying 25 centavos a day when the minimum wage was 18 centavos, and his humanitarian efforts to help the indigenous population.
Unfortunately, some of Honey’s investments ultimately failed, the revolution increased his misfortunes and he died on 12 June 1913 practically penniless.
sig R Honey

Porfirio Diaz hijoPorfirio Díaz, hijo

Porfirio Díaz hijo was involved in the Banco Internacional e Hipotecario de México, the Banco de Hidalgo, Ferrocarril de Veracruz al Istmo, Compañía Manufacturera de Cigarros el Buen Tono, Compañía Irrigadora y Eléctrica en el Estado de Hidalgo, and Fábricas de Papel San Rafael.

sig Diaz
Antonio Lavín sig Lavin

Thomas P. Honey

Honey was the consejero who signed the notes issued in 1914.

sig T Honey

Interventor

Luis de la Canal y Gual was the Inspector General de Instituciones de Crédito who signed the bank's notes and presided at its inauguration on 2 July 1906, but by the end of that year Miguel Montúfar had been appointed Interventor.

In 1907 de la Canal was appointed manager of the Banco Germanico de la America del Sur, which was expected to open for business on 1 April, but resigned unexpectedly and to everyone’s surprise in early MarchThe Mexican Herald, 9 March 1907.

 

sig Interventor 1906

Jorge Berriozabal

Jorge Berriozal was the grandson of General Felipe B. Berriozal, a Mexican hero.

He signed the notes dated 1914.

sig Berriozabal

Other personnel

Ricardo Buen Abad was manager (gerente) from