Translate / Traducir

Degollado

Hacienda El Zapote

Mariano Morales of Degollado was a leading Maderista in 1911El Regional, 3 June 1911.

He issued notes for 5c and 25c.

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
 
5c           includes number 389
25c            

 

This issue is similar to that of the Compañía de Fletes y García in Juchitlán, so will have dated from mid 1916.

Ejutla

Hacienda de La Cidra

A handwritten vale for four pesos, dated 3 July 1916, from Juan Guzmán.

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
 
$4           includes number 508 (C)

 

Etzatlán

Hacienda de San Sebastian

The original 17th century builder of this hacienda is unknown, but the Pachecho family, headed by Manuel Pacheco Calderón from Santander, Spain, became the owners in the mid-18th century.

In 1865 Manuel Fernández del Valle and his brother Justo arrived in the area from Asturias, Spain. They were determined to make their fortune in Mexico and they succeeded beyond their wildest dreams. They married two of the daughters of Francisco Martínez Negrete, an important Mexican businessman, and these marriages allowed access to the funds they needed to start their empire. The del Valle brothers bought textile factories, invested in railroads, bought mines, and started the Banco de Jalisco. By 1914, they had acquired the hacienda de San Sebastian at a price of $350,000. At the time, the hacienda possessed almost 65,000 acre and its primary focus was livestock, including cattle, horses, pigs, and sheep but it was still producing quantities of maiz, beans such as guasano and frijol, barley, wheat, and potatoes. Early records also show that the hacienda was well known for distilling and selling tequila as far back as the 17th century.

Hacienda San Sebastian

According to Carlos E. Parra Ron, Etzatlán's official historian (cronista), "the hacendados’ vanity made them believe they were demi-gods...they were little interested in the misery they created, and those who suffered the consequences were the poor people." There was a vast gap in wealth and social standing between the hacendado and his family and the peones who worked for them. Patios with flower gardens and artistic sculptures might be enjoyed by the owner, but the workers lived in squalid, one-room, dirt-floored huts. San Sebastian's records show that 400 peones worked there in 1903. For them, a day's work paid only 37 centavos from which they had to support not only themselves but their families. Most were not lucky enough to be peones acasillados with free huts, so they might well have to pay rent to the hacendado for the privilege of living in their hovels. Such was the structure which underlay the hacienda owner's sumptuous life.

H San Sebastian 5c

H San Sebastian 4c reverse

These were modelo 5225, maroon cartones produced on 7 April 1915.

Value total
number
total
value
 
5c 600 $  30.00 round maroon cartón   
10c 500 50.00
20c 500 100.00
50c 400 200.00
  2,000 $380.00

 

A second order, on 22 June 1915, was for brown cartones in weirder denominations.

H San Sebastian 4c

H San Sebastian 4c reverse

Value total
number
total
value
 
4c 200 $    8.00 round brown cartón
8c 200 16.00
12c 200 24.00
16c 200 32.00
20c 200 40.00
24c 200 48.00
28c 200 56.00
  1,400 $222.00

 

Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos

Hacienda de Buenavista

This was owned by Manuel Capetillo. Capetillo was a friend of the revolutionary Amado Aguirre and so offered various revolutionary commanders food and sustenance and pasture for their horses, and thus enjoyed their good wishes.

The first order, modelo 4623, produced on 21 January 1914, was for oblong cartones.

H Buenavista 25c

  total
number
total
number
 
20c 500 $100.00 oblong orange cartón
25c 400 100.00 oblong green cartón
50c 200 100.00 oblong pink cartón
100c 200 200.00 oblong blue cartón
  1,300 $500.00  

 

Another order, modelo 5135, on 26 June  1916, was for round cartones.

H Buenavista 20c

H Buenavista 20c reverse

H Buenavista 50c

H Buenavista 50c reverse

H Buenavista 100c

H Buenavista 100c reverse

  total
number
total
number
 
10c     round cartón
20c 5,000 $1,000.00
50c 2,000 1,000.00
100c 3,000 3,000.00
  10,000 $5,000.00

 

Delgado does not list the 10c value.

Hacienda de Cedros

Hacienda de Cedros

This hacienda had been in the Villaseñor family for over 200 years.

These cartones were modelo 5193, produced on 24 May 1915. They have the name of Lorenzo Villaseñor y Cia.

  total
number
total
value
Comment
1c 375 $   3.75 round manilla cartón
5c 375 18.75
10c 375 37.50
20c 375 75.00
50c 250 125.00
100c 250 250.00
  2,000 $510.00