Municipal issues

Morelos localBecause the Convention government lacked fractional paper currency municipalities and certain military commanders issued cartones for 5, 10, 20 and 50 centavos. However, the municipal issues, whilst helping with small transactions, were obligatory only in their locality, and so damaged unity, so in December 1915 the government ordered their withdrawal. The Executive Council of the Nation’s decree of 27 December fixed a period of three months within which these notes had to be withdrawn, after which they would lack any value. The ayuntamientos and military commanders had to notify the Ministry of Hacienda of the amount of their issues, so that it could work out the best way of recording them, so possibly, somewhere, a record still exists with the details of all these issues.

The decree excepted the notes of the Estado de Morelos, which would continue to be of forced circulation, and authorised a new issue of copper coins for 5c, 10c and 20c and notes of 50c.

We know of such cartones from the capital, Cuernavaca, and from Cuautla, Jojutla, Jonacatepec and Puente de Yxtla.

Distrito de Cuernavaca

These cartones were only valid within the district of Cuernavaca and could be exchanged for notes in the Exchange Office in the Palacio de Cortés, the seat of government.

Distrito de Cuautla

Cuautla is on the eastern side of the state.

There were two series, a Series A, with the signature of E. Espinosa, the Presidente Municipal.

and a second Series B in smaller scale.

Again these notes were only valid within the district of Cuautla.

Distrito de Jojutla

Distrito de Jonacatepec

These bear the name of G. Guadarrama, who was Presidente Municipal in [      ]. Again these cartones were only valid within the district of issue.

Puente de Yxtla


On 27 December 1915 the Consejo Ejecutivo decided that, since these municipal issues, as divisive, were a danger to business, to individuals and to the armed forces, and that it needed a single coinage with a single guarantee, the ayuntamientos and military commanders were prohibited from issuing paper currency, and it authorised the Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público to make an issue of 50c notes and 5c, 10c and 20c copper coins, to replace the local cartones. It fixed a period of three months, after which all the cartones would be invalid, with the exception of those issued by the Gobierno del Estado de Morelos, which would be of forced circulation throughout the state. Of these cartones the 20c denomination is a companion to the Cuernavaca cartón above (and has the same date).


whilst the $1 notes are known in three colours.

Again these could be exchanged for notes in the Exchange Office in the Palacio de Cortés, the seat of government.