The revolution in Tamaulipas
On 12 June 1914 General Brigadier Luis Caballero, governor of Tamaulipas, decreed that of the Chihuahua issues only the dos caritas were of forced circulation. At the end of the year, on 9 December he declared the notes of the states of Sonora and Chihuahua null and void.
On 14 June 1915 Caballero reported, in his circular no. 48, that Carranza had prohibited the paper money of Villa and Gutiérrez (revalidados) and ordered the Presidentes Municipales to decommission them. Thus, on 16 June, in Matamoros, Pedro A. Chapa, Jefe de las Armas, published a telegram he had received from Caballero, in Monterrey, that from 9 June, by order of Carranza, all Villista and Gutiérrista issues were invalid, and those in Matamoros should be collected and sent to the Comandancia de la 5ª. División del Noreste. Some people were still using Villista notesPrensa, 19 June 1915.
However, the next week the Jefatura de la Línea Fronteriza de Tamaulipas announced that, by disposition of Governor Caballero, revalidated notes (los billetes constitucionalistas que hayan sido revalidados por las autoridades convencionalistas por decreto de 17 de Diciembre de 1914), would be of forced circulation, so public offices and individuals could get back the notes that had been previously been collected as being worthless. The Presidente Municipal of Matamoros, Conrado Gutiérrez, published a message from Caballero that stated: “in view of a new disposition of the Primer Jefe, notes issued by our government and revalidated by Gutiérrez are again of forced circulation”Prensa, 27 June 1915.
In September 1915 Procopio Elizondo, Jefe de las Armas in Matamoros, issued a circular that, by order of General Jacinto Treviño, notes issued in Chihuahua on 14 March 1914, and Veracruz Gobierno Provisional notes were of forced circulationPrensa, 4 September 1915. On 5 September the Jefe de la Línea Fronteriza, General Emiliano P. Nafarrete, in Matamoros, threatened to punish businesses that refused to accept $10 and $20 Carrancista notes, which had previously been withdrawn because of the number of counterfeits. Despite Elizondo’s circular, businesses had continued to refuse to accept these notesPrensa, 8 September 1915.