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Haciendas

Yucatan haciendas

Acanceh

Hacienda Subinkancab

This hacienda is in the municipio of Timucuy, some 25 kilometres southeast of Mérida.

The catalogues list a 25c green cartón[image needed], issued by Virginia Castillo de Carrillo.

An incidence illustrates the working relations on these haciendas. On 30 March 1905 El Peninsular published a notarised letter about the detention of a labourer, Saturnino Chán, on the Hacienda Subinkancab. Chán had wanted to leave the hacienda after a change in ownership and asked for a statement of account (carta cuenta) from the new patrón. Chán left “without authorisation” and found someone to take over his debt. When he visited the hacienda he was arrested by the mayordomo as a fugitive and imprisoned in the jail. From there he was taken to the Hacienda Tepich, which belonged to the same proprietor, and kept for another three days. Finally, he appeared before the Kanasín police who took him to Mérida where he was accused of drunkenness and scandal. A lawyer then managed to get him released. In a letter to the newspaper José Y. Aguayo E. said that the mayordomo had not yet been arrested and that Chán’s younger son had also been detained for 15 days. This had occurred after the mayordomo had been accusedEl Peninsular, 30 March 1915.

Hunucmá

Hacienda Chel

Hacienda Chel (since 1940 Hacienda San Antonio Chel) is located in the municipio of Hunucmá, in the northwest of the state. The hacienda was constructed in the 19th century.

  from to total
number
total
value
 
5c         includes numbers 2596 to 2840
10c         includes numbers 1464CNBanxico #12392 to 2999
50c         includes numbers 2928CNBanxico #12393 to 2976

Umán

Hacienda Yaxcopoil

Hacienda Yaxcopoil is located near Merida in the municipio of Umán. Yaxcopoil means in the Mayan language "Place of the Green Alamos" since around the Mayan ruins and main house there are a lot of these trees. The hacienda dates back to the 17th century and was once considered one of the most important rural estates in the Yucatán, operating first as a cattle ranch and later as a henequén plantation. Hacienda Yaxcopoil was purchased by Donaciano García Rejón and his wife Mónica Galera in 1864. Donaciano was the organizer and commander of a cavalry corps formed by volunteers in 1847, at the start of the War of the Castes, and then in 1867, as emissary of the imperialist side, surrendered Mérida to the Juáristas. The hacienda was developed into a cattle ranch and henequen plantation and was passed on to Donciano’s daughter, Mónica García Rejón Galera, and then to his grandson Fernando Cervera García Rejón, and has been owned by members of the same family ever since. The entire property at its largest covered 22,000 acres (89 km2) but over time, due to continuous political, social and economic changes, the estate has been reduced to less than 3% of its original size.


  series from to total
number
total
value
 
20c C         includes numbers 2156 to 2198

 

This note was signed by Fernando Cervera García Rejón pp. V.. García.

Garcia RejonFernando Cervera García Rejón, also known as “Dado”, was born on 4 February 1876.

He died on 10 April 1952, aged 76 years old. 

sig Yaxcopoil

 

This note was printed by the Tip. y Lit. La Moderna, Mérida.

On 31 December 1926 Fernando Cervera García Rejón agreed regulations for his hacienda with the Junta Central de Conciliacióon y Arbitraje. These included that wages should be paid in legal currency and that the hacienda could not pay in goods or with vales, fichas or any other such means.

Tecoh

Hacienda Oxtapacab

Oxtapacab is situated in the municipo of Tecoh, about 26 kilometres south-east of Mérida.

This henequén hacienda was established by the Berzunza brothers in 1887.

We know of 5c and 10c vouchers, dated 1 December 1919, entitling the bearer to that amount of merchandise from the tienda de raya.

Oxtacapab 10c

  from to total
number
total
value
 
5c         includes numbers 522 to 539CNBanxico #12410
10c         includes numbers 717 to 767CNBanxico #12411