The revolution in Campeche

The Constitucionalists under Coronel Joaquín Mucel took over on 10 September 1914. Thereafter, after a period of catch-up in September and October when the Periódico Oficial published Carranza’s earlier currency decrees on it mainly reprinted Carranza’s decrees verbatim with little local content.

Mucel abolished peonage in his decree núm. 6 on 22 September 1914Periódico Oficial, Año XXXII, Núm. 2745, 22 September 1914.

On 5 October Mucel stated that the only Huertista issue that was of forced circulation was the Obligaciones ProvisionalesPeriódico Oficial, Año XXXII, Núm. 2752, 8 October 1914. Then on 31 October the Periódico Oficial published Reynoso’s declaration on the numbers of the valid ObligacionesPeriódico Oficial, Año XXXII, Núm. 2762, 31 October 1914.

On 2 December 1914 the governor sent a circular to the Recaudadores de Rentas in Campeche, Ciudad de Carmen, Laguna, Champoton, Hecelchakan and Hopelchen, stating that the notes issued by the government of Chihuahua were no longer in circulationACamp. On the same day the Jefe de la Armas in Ciudad de Carmen, E. Manjarry Pauling, reported that businesses were refusing to accept the banknotes from northern states (billetes Bancos Estados Norte) and $1 Constitucionalistas (certainly Ejército Constitucionalista rather than Monclova) and the next day was told that only the notes of the government of Chihuahua lacked legality and all the others were of forced circulationACamp.

The Periódico Oficial also published various pronouncements on counterfeit Constitucionalist issues, which suggests that they were in use within the state. These were Rafael Nieto’s declaration on Ejército Constitucionalista notesPeriódico Oficial, Año XXXIII, Núm. 2797, 21 January 1915, a telegram from the CustomsPeriódico Oficial, Año XXXIII, Núm. 2798, 23 January 1915, a notice clarifying notes in issue and listing counterfeit notes known to datePeriódico Oficial, Año XXXIII, Núm. 2821, 18 March 1915.

Besides the national issues the notes of the Comisión Reguladora del Mercado de Henequén were also used in the state. Carranza's original authorisation, published on 23 January 1915Periódico Oficial, Año XXXIII, Núm. 2798, 23 Juanuary 1915, stated that the notes would be of legal and forced circulation within Campeche if the Comisión extended its operations to there and notes are known needleprinted CAMPECHE.

On 6 December 1917 Rafael Nieto wrote in a telegram to Salvador Alvarado that Carranza wanted circulation to be restricted to Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo.