José Eligio Muñoz' issue of 1876

On 5 August 1876 the Porfirista Angel Trias appointed José Eligio Muñoz interim governor of the stateMuñoz (1819-1891) was a lawyer and founder of various newspapers. He held a succession of offices such as Secretario de Gobierno, Deputy, Juez de Distrito, Jefe Político of Iturbide canton, and Magistrado fiscal of the Supreme Court. Eight days later Muñoz authorised an issue of paper money, nominally guaranteed by the rebellion, to pay for the costs of war. The issue, put into circulation by the Jefatura de Hacienda, was in two denominations, five and fifty pesos, and achieved a total of 67,695 pesos. They are described as notes (billetes)El Guardia Nacional, 19 April 1877 or chits (vales) payable to bearer and drawn on the State Treasurer, to be accepted as legal tender in payment of any tax (al portador contra el Tesorero del Estado á ser recibidos como moneda corriente en pago de todo impuesto, sea de exportación, de importación, contribuciones y derechos municipales)El Guardia Nacional, 24 May 1877.

Although the Porfiristas were ultimately victorious elsewhere in Mexico, they were defeated in Chihuahua and driven out of the state capital. The notes were then declared worthless and when the unissued remainders were stolen from the Juzgado de Distrito in April 1877, Muñoz declared them all null and void. The holders of the few notes still in circulation had eight days to present them to the Administracion General de Rentas, where, if they could prove their provenance, they would receive a certificado. The notes themselves would be cancelledEl Guardia Nacional, 19 April 1877.

Numbers

The original notes were:

Value Carpeta number from to Total Value
$5 1 250 1 250 1,250
2 250 251 500 1,250
3 150 501 650 750
4 250 651 900 1,250
5 250 901 1150 1,250
6 250 1151 1400 1,250
7 250 1401 1650 1,250
8 250 1651 1900 1,250
9 250 1901 2150 1,250
10 250 2151 2400 1,250
11 250 2401 2650 1,250
12 139 2651 2789 695
  2,789     13,945
$50 1 200 1 200 10,000
2 200 201 400 10,000
3 225 401 625 11,250
4 225 626 850 11,250
5 225 851 1075 11,250
  1.075     53,750
          $67,695

 

Juez de Distrito José Hierro received the following, which will have included the ones stolen:

Value Carpeta number from to Total value
$5 6-12 1639 1151 2789 8,195
$50 2-5 690 386 1075 34,500
          $42,695

 

The Jefatura Política received the other $25,000 and issued $18,735 to Melchior de la Garza and $6,265 to other creditors. Of the latter, $4,160 was redeemed by certificados, viz.

Value Carpeta number from to Total value
$5 2 1   321 5
11 324 334 55
10 340 349 50
7 357 363 35
1   370 5
3 18 546 563 90
1   612 5
5 646 650 25
  48 not detailed   240
          510
$50 1 11 1 11 550
40 84 123 2,000
21 148 168 1,050
  1 not detailed   50
          3,650
          $4,160

 

so $2,105 was outstanding (El Guardia Nacional, 24 May 1877)