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Tonaya

Hacienda de Coatlancillo

This hacienda is located east of Coatlancillo, and grew sugar cane, corn and beans. It had a steam mill for processing the sugar cane and produced loose sugar, sugar loaves and a distilled spirit called cazacha.

Ignacio Cisneros Vázquez was from Sayula. He owned Coatlancillo and its surroundings and lived at the hacienda.

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
 
5c 24 August 1915         includes number 817

 

Hacienda El Refugio

It is unclear whether Manuel Vergara and Adofo Ochoa ran the hacienda "El Refugio" or a local store. Adolfo Ochoa was reported in charge of the hacienda del Refugio, in the municipio de San Gabriel, in July 1913El Diario, 29 July 1913.

The hacienda issued notes drawn on Vergara y Ochoa with revenue stamps on the reverse.

H El Refugio 20c 4405

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
signed by  
20c 17 April 1915           includes number 4405CNBanxico #11411
50c 6 February 1915  00001         includes number 00019
$1 12 March 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 2645CNBanxico #4614

 

They then issued a different series or series, without revenue stamps as they were no longer available.

Hda El Refugio 1 3673

Hda El Refugio 1 3673 reverse

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
signed by  
$1 16 April 1915         Manuel Vergara includes number 3673CNBanxico #11413

 

Dick Long in his November 1974 auction listed an undated "20c, number 2719, black print on light green-blue, uniface, 40x57mm". Where should this be placed?

Finally, Vergara y Ochoa arranged for their notes to be legalised by the Agente de Timbre in Tonaya, S. Mejía.

  date on note from to total
number
total
value
signed by  
20c 22 May 1915           includes number 5479
50c 8 May 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 2459
        Manuel Vergara includes number 2723CNBanxico #4610
11 May 1915         Manuel Vergara includes number 2608
15 May 1915           includes number 3798CNBanxico #4609
22 May 1915         Manuel Vergara includes number 3653CNBanxico #4611
26 May 1915           includes number 4501
10 July 1915           includes number 4691
31 July 1915           includes number 5151
14 August 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes numbers 6232CNBanxico #11412 to 6591
        Manuel Vergara  
$1 24 April 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 4087CNBanxico #4613
29 May 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 5177CNBanxico #11414
5 June 1915           includes 5531
26 June 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 6280CNBanxico #4612
3 July 1915         Manuel Vergara includes number 6578
21 August 1915         Adolfo Ochoa includes number 8886
$2 1 May 1915         Manuel Vergara includes number 2039
15 May 1915         includes number 2961CNBanxico #11415

Tonila

Hacienda de San Marcos

Hacienda San Marcos

This was owned by Señora Concepción Palomar de Corcuera, who was the wife of Manuel L. Corcuera y Luna and a renowned socialite.

These were modelo 4667, produced in 1915.

H San Marcos 5c

  total
number
total
value
 
5c 300 $  15.00 oblong brown cartón
10c 300 30.00
20c 300 60.00
25c 300 75.00
50c 500 250.00
100c 500 500.00
  2,200 $930.00

Hacienda de la Esperanza

These were modelo 4717, produced in March 1914.

H La Esperanza 10c

H La Esperanza 50c

  total
number
total
value
 
5c 1,000 $  50.00 round brown cartón
10c 1,000 100.00
20c 1,000 200.00
50c 1,000 500.00
l 4,000 $850.00

 

This hacienda was owned by Enrique Schöndube.  Schöndube was born in Germany in 1861. From 1894 he established in Mexico an independent commission house that exclusively distributed the products of the Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft factory. Machines, engines, turbines, generators, dynamos, boilers, transformers, pumps and all kinds of tools and electrical materials arrived at his warehouse from Germany and elsewhere, which he then sold or installed in theatres as well as in shops, textile factories or in local electricity generation companies.

Soon, with the capital raised in his commission agency Schöndube began to invest in other areas. From at least 1899 he obtained a concession from Guadalajara to use the Santiago River and began to invest in the generation of electricity. Between 1900 and 1901 he sought to establish an explosives factory and in this or another business he entered into competition with the French businessman Ernesto Pugibet.

His career took a turn in 1905, when he partnered with Francisco Neugebauer, an Austrian engineer who had experience like few others in the field of electricity. Neugebauer had arrived in Mexico as a delegate of the Siemens & Halske company, perhaps around 1890 and the new partners brought together in-depth knowledge and relationship with the two major German electrical products companies, Siemens and AEG.

From 1906 to 1914 Schöndube expanded his interests, becoming a contractor for services such as the installation of water, drainage and paving networks. Sometimes he executed them directly (with Neugebauer while he had him as a partner), but other times acting as a speculator, or in relations of friendship, collusion and supply with the Compañía Bancaria de Fomento y Bienes Raíces and the Banco Central Mexicano.

The relationship between Schöndube and Neugebauer ended in 1911 when the latter returned to Austria. Schöndube closed the commission house a year later, left his residence in Mexico City and spent much of his time at the Hacienda La Esperanza, which he had acquired in 1909.