Translate / Traducir

Cocula

Manuel L. Corcuera y Luna was born in Guadalajara on 9 March 1844 and died in Guadalajara in 1908. He married Concepción Palomar y García-Sancho, the daughter of José María Palomar y Rueda, a successful businessman and, in 1853, governor of Jalisco. Concepción was born in Guadalajara in 1846 and died in Guadalajara in 1924. She was a notable socialiteIn 1885 a national newspaper could print the following panegyric:

Es noble y distinguida, sencilla y elegante,
Y reina entre las bellas con dulce majestad:
De vírgen de Murillo, parece su semblante,
Su fina cabellera sedosa y ondulante
Cual rico marco encierra su mágica beldad.

Si es reina en los salones amable y majestuosa,
En el hogar es ángel, del cielo descendió:
Fue una hija incomparable, hermana cariñosa,
Modelo el más perfecto de casta y fiel esposa;
La amiga más amable que la amistad formó.

Rodeada de sus hijos ¡preciosos pequeñuelos!
Parece el blanco lirio que luce en el jardín;
Vírgen entre querubes bajados de los cielos,
Conságrales constante su vida y sus desvelos;
Su amor es infinito, su abnegacion sin fin.

De delicado oriente la perla más preciosa,
Que en rica y blanca concha formó el potente mar:
Fué del hogar paterno la joya más valiosa;
Del alma de su esposo la reina poderosa;
La paz y santa dicha de su tranquilo hogar.

Bendita una y mil veces tan bella y leal señora;
Sus padres desde el cielo, la cuidan con amor;
La sociedad la aclama su perla encantadora;
Del jardín jalisciense, que un nuevo sol hoy dora,
La reina de las rosas, la más fragante flor. (El Nacional, 29 March 1885)

I am sure the workers on her estate appreciated this.
.

Their children included Juan, Enrique, Pedro, Carlos, and eight others. Enrique L. Corcuera Palomar was born on 22 March 1877 in Guadalajara and died on 19 December 1957 in Mexico City.

Whilst the family retained houses in Guadalajara they owned various haciendas in Cocula.

Hacienda de Estipac

Hacienda de Estipac

The Hacienda de Estipac, owned by the brothers Francisco(?) and Enrique Corcuera, was a sugar cane plantation and a “fatal hacienda” for those who lived there during the Porfiriato, according to people who lived there, The hacienda was large in extent, and surrounded by high adobe and rock walls. It was divided into two patios (yards): one where the peones lived in their straw huts, and from where no one could go outside after 8:00 p.m. It was forbidden to trespass into the patio where the main buildings were. There was a torreón (watch tower) where guards were stationed in order to watch the peones. Any peon caught trying to escape was shot to death. Only the servants were allowed to go to the main buildings through a door located by the church. The hacendados did not permit strangers on their premises and the foremen (capataces) took care that the peones did their work.

The first issue were uniface cartones made by Juan Kaiser on 13 February 1914 of Royal Index Bristol pressboard.

  total
number
total
value
 
5c 200 $10.00  
10c 200 20.00  
  400 $30.00  

 

The next issue was produced by the printing house of Iguíniz, and so Delgado did not have any production details. These were oblong, measuring c. 61 x 32 mm. with rounded corners.

H Estipac 1c 2

H Estipac 3c 2

H Estipac 5c 2 green

H Estipac 5c 2 rose

H Estipac 10c 2 blue

H Estipac 10c 2 green

H Estipac 25c 2

  total
number
total
value
 
1c     orange pasteboard
3c     blue pasteboard 
5c     green pasteboard
    blue pasteboard
10c     blue pasteboard
    green pasteboard
25c     white pasteboard
50c     yellow pasteboard

 

Delgado states that the blue 5c and green 10c cartones were produced by Juan Kaiser but he gives no figures and this seems unlikely.

The Casa Litográfica Iguíniz also produced another series, measuring c. 61 x 35 mm.

H Estipac 50c

  total
number
total
value
 
5c      
10c      
50c     blue pressboard

 

Juan Kaiser produced a series, modelo 4737, on 7 May 1914.

H Estipac 1c 4

H Estipac 5c 4

H Estipac 10c 4

  total
number
total
value
 
1c 500 $  5.00  
5c 300 15.00  
10c 300 30.00  
  1,100 $50.00  

 

In late 1915 or in 1916 the hacienda produced 25c, 50c and $1 notes payable in infalsificables. Note that by this time the company is given as Corcuera Hermanos Sucesores.

Estipac 25c

  total
number
total
value
 
25c      
50c      
$1      

Hacienda de San Miguel

This was owned by Juan L. Corcuera. José María Juan L. Corcuera Palomar was born in Guadalajara on 17 January 1872 and died in Lausanne, Switzerland on 26 January 1925.

These were modelo 4664, produced in April 1915.

  total
number
total
value
 
5c 500 $    25.00 square brown cartón
10c 500 50.00
25c 500 125.00
50c 500 250.00
100c 1,000 1,000.00
  3.000 $1,450.00

Hacienda de San Diego

This was owned by Carlos L. Corcuera Palomar. Carlos was born in Guadalajara on 17 March 1874 and died in Guadalajara on 7 December 1945.


Known notes are for 10c, 20c, 50c and $1.

Hda San Diego 20c

H San Diego 50c