Villista issues

Jalisco Villista

So-called Villista/Convencionista factions on the southwest of the state issued a series of notes to facilitate commerce. As these were very local (DelgadoRicardo Delgado, Las Monedas Jaliscienses durante la Epoca Revolucionaria, Guadalajara, 1938 does not mention them) and related to the eventual losers, little is known about them, including their sequencing. There was a wide variety of types, which might be down to different issues or differences within issues.

Among the military commanders were Roberto Moreno, Pedro Zamora, José Sánchez Gómez and Vicente Alonso Teodoro. Roberto Moreno was a prominent hacendado in Unión de Tula. At his hacienda de San Clemente the constant demands from military chiefs led him to take up arms and form a self-defence militia. He joined forces with Pedro Zamora to gain control over a wide swathe of territory. Despite being a major landowner, in his jurisdiction he abolished the tiendas de raya and cancelled workers’ debts. Moreno refused offers of amnesty and continued fighting until his death in 1917.

In contrast, Pedro Zamora was born to a poor peasant family in El Limón, in 1890. After a vicious youth he formed a group that adopted Constitutionalism and joined Obregón when he arrived in Jalisco. He followed Lucio Blanco in supporting the Convention and after a defeat, regrouped in Unión de Tula, where he declared himself a Convencionista and proclaimed religious liberty, in contrast to Manuel Dieguez’ anti-clericalism. With Roberto Moreno he attacked Díeguez’ forces, and in 1915 the Villista governor, Julián Medina, named him jefe militar of Autlán. After Villa’s defeat, the Carrancistas launched a campaign against Zamora and on 16 October 1916 Ramón F. Iturbe defeated him in Unión de Tula and, a little later, in El Grullo. He still had solid support in the region, violently refused an offer of amnesty by sacking Cocula, and continued to attack federal and state troops. The government finally mobilised 12,000 troops to get him. He surrendered on 12 November 1920 and was assigned to the hacienda of Canutillo, Durango, under Villa’s responsibility. He went missing in February 1921, was arrested in Mexico City and executed.

José Sánchez Gómez was a farmer and businessmen in La Huerta, where he enjoyed prestige as the local cacique. He also rebelled against the Constitutionalists’ attacks on his property, and held out until he accepted an amnesty in 1920.

Vicente Alonso Teodoro was a bandit under sentence of death who declared himself a Villista to justify his acts.

La Brigada "Moreno"

A series of notes issued by the Brigada Moreno in Autlán were printed four to a sheet with one 5c, one 20c and two 50c. There were different designs.

EJERCITO CONVENCIONISTA in block lettering

Ejercito Convencionista 50c block 1

Ejercito Convencionista 50c block 1 reverse

Ejercito Convencionista 50c

Ejercito Convencionista 50c reverse

EJERCITO CONVENCIONISTA in thin block letters with a wavy border to the centre box

Ejercito Convencionista 50c block

Ejercito Convencionista 50c block reverse

EJERCITO CONVENCIONISTA in italics, with a wavy border to the centre box

Ejercito Convencionista 5c

Ejercito Convencionista 5c reverse

Ejercito Convencionista 20c

Ejercito Convencionista 20c reverse

With straight edge to centre box

Ejercito Convencionista 50c italic

Ejercito Villista 50c 2738 reverse

with Cuartel General spelt out in full

Ejercito Convencionista 5c general

La Brigada Méndez

Mendez 5c

Mendez 5c reverse

Mendez 10c

Mendez 10c reverse

Rafael B. Gómez

These low value notes issued by Rafael B. Gómez in El Totole in the municipio of La Huerta, had the stamp of the "EJERCITO CONVENCIONISTA - BRIGADA "MORENO"  - CUARTEL GENERAL" on the reverse.

Gomez 5c straight

Gomez 5c straight reverse

Gomez 20c wavy

Gomez 50c wavy

Gomez 50c wavy reverse

One Rafael B. Gómez issue issue was entitled PROVISIONAL

Gomez 10c provisional

Gomez 20c provisional

Gomez 20c provisional reverse

Gomez 50c provisional 1

Gomez 50c provisional 1 reverse

Gomez 50c provisional 2

Gomez 50c provisional 2 reverse

Gomez 50c provisional 3

Gomez 50c provisional 3 reverse

while another was designated VALE PROVISIONAL

Gomez 5c vale provisional

Gomez 10c vale provisional

Gomez 10c vale provisional reverse

Gomez 20c vale provisional

Gomez 50c vale provisional 1

There was a number of other issues with a similar design, issued by various individuals (commanders?).

Other Villista issues came from the centre of the state and were authorised by the local municipalities.

Chiquilistlán

Ejército Catolico Villista

Chiquilistlán is a small town located in the Sierra Tapalpa mountains, at the foot of a hill called Chiquilichi, some 75 kilometres to the south-west of the state capital Guadalajara

A $1 note dated 20 December 1914.

El Pinabete

The Cuartel General in El Pinabete issued a $5 note dated 5 May 1915, payable at the triumph of the Villista Católica revolution. . This carried the names of General Bernadino Ch. Real as Jefe de la 6a. División del Suroeste, 2o Jefe Coronel Rosalio Berumén and Secretario T. Coronel Plutarco Miramontes.

Colección Numismática Banxico #4494

Tuxcueca

Tuxcueca is a town south of Guadalajara and Lago de Chapula.

Ejército Villista

Delgadillo 5

Delgadillo 5 reverse

A $5 note, Serie A, with typed name Gral de Brigada Antonio Delgadillo and stamp on reverse ‘ESTADO DE JALISCO – TESORERIA MUNICIPAL DE TUXCUECA – 7o CANTON’

Concepción de Buenos Aires

Concepción de Buenos Aires is a town south of Guadalajara and east of Ciudad Guzmán.

Ejército Villista

A series of notes (5c, 10c, 20c and 50c) in various colours and designs with the stamp of ‘TESORERIA MUNICIPAL DE CONCEPCION DE BUENOS AIRES’

Ejercito Villista 5c 7019

Ejercito Villista 5c 7019 reverse

Ejercito Villista 5c 5795

Ejercito Villista 5c 5795 reverse

Ejercito Villista 5c 5315

Ejercito Villista 5c 1511

Ejercito Villista 5c 7019

Ejercito Villista 5c 7019