Hacienda Miramar

Hacienda Miramar

familia Douglas WeatherstonThe Hacienda Miramar was a coffee plantation about ten kilometres south of Misantla. Douglas Weatherston was a Canadian from Toronto who came to Misantla from Durango in 1894 and bought the Hacienda Miramar around 1904.

Weatherston issued two sets of notes to make up for the absence of official currency, to be exhanged for banknotes in multiples of five pesos. The text reads “Estos cheques suplen al numerario: por consiguiente sólo serán cambiados por billetes de Banco no menores de cinco pesos”. On some notes with a datestamp from 31 August 1915 “de Banco” is crossed out.

Because of a lack of revenue stamps some notes have the handwritten or typed comment “Legalizado. Art 246 Ley del Timbre / Misantla,' and a date with the stamp of the Oficina de Hacienda and signature of the Administrador, [ ] Celis Huerta; others the note “Legalizado. Art. 246 / Ley del Timbre / Misantla mayo de 1915” with stamp and signature, and others “No hay timbres. / Misantla. Junio 2 de1915”.

 


and a companion to the first issue, dated 1 July 1914.

  Date Additional
date on note
Lowest
number
Highest
number
 
50c 20 March 1914   B2522   revenue stamps
$1 1 July 1914   B1944 B3930 revenue stamps
17 September 1914 B3273   Typewritten 'Legalizado'
$2 20 March 1914 [  ] July 1915 1628   Typewritten 'Legalizado'
31 August 1915 5992   revenue stamp

 

no stamps on $1 B2901CNBanxico #12310

A series of notes dated 20 May 1914

  Date Additional
date on note
Lowest
number
Highest
number
 
50c 20 May 1914 15 April 1915 0046   Handwritten 'Legalizado' and seal
  2158   no overprint
$1 26 April 1915 3538   Handwritten 'Legalizado' and seal
$2     15 [     ] 1915 0441   Typewritten 'Legalizado' and seal
15 April 1915 3719   Typewritten 'Legalizado' and seal
May 1915 1427 1506 Typewritten 'Legalizado' and seal
2 June 1915 2910 2929 'No hay timbres. Misantla, junio 2 de 1915'
7 [    ] 1915 2709   revenue stamp

 

Douglas’ son, also Douglas Weatherston discussed these issues in an interview as part of the Institute of Texan Cultures’ Oral History Program on 7 March 1984http://digital.utsa.edu/cdm/ref/collection/p15125coll4/id/464 thus:
Esther MacMillan: I'm interested in this money …tell me about this …
Douglas Weatherston: As I was telling you, this money here (showing) was issued by my Dad. In March 1914 . Remember the Marines took Vera Cruz in April '14, a month later. And you see, we are in the state of Vera Cruz. But this money was issued because the peso went down to nothing. So what happened … our plantation was away from town … the people who lived up there, you know, the workmen … they got paid. When they came to town, they got paid with Federal money when the Carranzistas took over. The Federal money wouldn't be any good. So, you see, they couldn't buy anything. And vice versa.
And when Zapata's people came in, Zapata's troops, nobody's money was any good. So the government of Mexico allowed my Dad to issue his money to pay the labor from the start … some of it is different dates there.
EM: There's March 1914; July 1914; May 1914.
DW: Okay, it says there that this money would be redeemed with bank notes not less than five pesos each. It says so on the back. I don't know what he put up as collateral, but I think it was the money itself. You see, the people in the town would honor this money.
EM: No less than five pesos it says here. Your father has signed these. This is fascinating. How long was that in effect?
DW: That money was only from, until … issued only those months, after the European war started , we didn't issue any more.
EM: Let's see. March, May and July. Probably July, then sometime in July.
DW: Yeah. I didn't know anything about this money when I went down … I had heard … But I had never seen any of that money. I had heard about it. Because I was at school at that time. Up in Canada. When I went back to Mexico, on a trip, about ten years ago, I went to this little town and this fellow had rolls of this money. He said, "You'd be interested in this." He showed me. "My goodness, I'll buy 'em from you." He said, "No, you can have 'em. I'll give 'em to you."
Then I had my friends buy every bit of the money available. So they bought it. I got 250 of these bills.
EM: You did. I suppose for collectors. People who collect things like that?
DW: Yeah, but he had 'em there; didn't use them anymore but if I had to buy any more I'd have to buy two pesos for one dollar because that's what they were then.
EM: I want to put this on the tape. Each bill of different denominations, each bill says Hacienda Miramar. Then Misantla, Vera Cruz. And they're in denominations of 50 centavos, 1 peso and 2 pesos.
DW: I don't think there were ever any higher than that.
EM: They're signed Douglas Weatherston.
DW: Some of them were printed, the name was printed and some of them written. I have some that he actually signed.
EM: This is signed. The dates … I forgot to put that in … March 20, May 20, and July 1 of 1914.
DW: Yeah.

A series of cartones (5c, 10c, 20c and 40c) dated 15 October 1914

Miramar 5c

Miramar 5c reverse